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Jilotepec de Enríquez in Municipality of Jilotepec de Abasolo, Estado de Mexico, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

The Doendó Cross

Herencia Otomí

 
 
The Doendó Cross Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 23, 2020
1. The Doendó Cross Marker
Inscription.  

Cruz de Doendó
Durante la época prehispánica, Jilotepec sirvió de avanzada militar, cultural y religiosa de los indígenas sedentarios para limitar las incursiones de grupos nómadas, llamados genéricamente "chichimecas”. Tras la conquista española, en 1533 la provincia fue asignada en encomienda al conquistador Juan Jaramillo de Salvatierra, a quien se recuerda principalmente por haber estado casado con la célebre Doña Marina, popularmente conocida como "La Malinche”, antigua intérprete de Cortés durante las campañas para conquistar Tenochtitlán.

La hija de ambos tomó posesión de la región hacia 1555 y apoyó directamente las campañas evangelizadoras que los franciscanos realizaban en la región desde finales de la década de 1520. Estos iniciaron la construcción del templo de San Pedro y San Pablo y, alrededor de 1560, instalaron varias cruces atriales en la región. Una de las más famosas es esta Cruz de Doendó, construida en un cruce de caminos con la finalidad de proteger de les posibles peligros a los viajantes. Siguiendo una costumbre otomí, la cruz encima del cerro tiene un gran poder religioso
The Doendó Cross Marker English text image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 23, 2020
2. The Doendó Cross Marker English text
por lo que se le dedican ofrendas de diverso tipo. Una de ellas es poner piedras, de ahí el nombre ("doendó" = "piedra” en otomí).

Existe la creencia en la región que la hija de La Malinche enterró a su madre bajo esta Cruz, pero no hay evidencias que confirma dicha leyenda popular.

English:
The Doendó Cross
During prehispanic times, Jilotepec served as military, cultural and religious ground for sedentary indigenous in order to limit the incursions of nomadic groups, generally called "chichimecas”. After the Spanish conquest in 1533 the province was assigned in entrustment to the conquistador Juan Jaramillo de Salvatierra, who is mainly remembered for having been married to the famous Doña Marina, popularly known as “La Malinche," former interpreter of Cortés during the campaigns to conquer Tenochtitlán.

Their daughter took possession of the region around 1555 and directly supported the Franciscan evangelistic campaign conducted in the region since the late 1520s. They began the construction of the church of San Pedro and San Pablo, and about 1560, settled several atrial crosses in the region. One of the most famous is this Doendó Cross, built on a crossroads in order to protect travelers from possible dangers. Following an otomí tradition the cross over the hill has great religious power, so offerings of
The Doendó Cross Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 23, 2020
3. The Doendó Cross Marker
The marker is to the right of the entrance to the church's atrium.
various kinds are dedicated to it. One of them is to put stones and hence the name (“Doendó” = “stone” in otomí).

There is a belief in the region that the daughter of La Malinche buried her mother under this cross, although there is no evidence to support this popular legend.
 
Erected by Gobierno del Estado de México.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Churches & ReligionColonial EraNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers.
 
Location. 19° 57.076′ N, 99° 32.004′ W. Marker is in Jilotepec de Enríquez, Estado de Mexico, in Municipality of Jilotepec de Abasolo. Marker is at the intersection of Miguel Hidalgo and José María Morelos y Pavón, on the right when traveling north on Miguel Hidalgo. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Jilotepec de Enríquez, Estado de Mexico 54240, Mexico. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Convent and Church of San Pedro and San Pablo (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); Camino Real de Tierra Adentro (about 120 meters away); Franciscan Chapel and Monastery (about 120 meters away); Andrés Molina Enríquez (about 150 meters away); Benito Juárez Memorial (about 150 meters away); Jilotepec (about
The Doendó Cross image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 23, 2020
4. The Doendó Cross
180 meters away); Famous Sons of Jilotepec (about 180 meters away); Municipality of Jilotepec (about 210 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Jilotepec de Enríquez.
 
The Doendó Cross detail image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 23, 2020
5. The Doendó Cross detail
The Doendó Cross in the Atrium of the Church of San Pedro y San Pablo image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, August 23, 2020
6. The Doendó Cross in the Atrium of the Church of San Pedro y San Pablo
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 25, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 25, 2020, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 42 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 25, 2020, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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