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Columbia in Maury County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Side by Side

Rose Hill and Rosemount Cemeteries

 
 
Side by Side Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, September 19, 2020
1. Side by Side Marker
Inscription.  Rose Hill Cemetery was established in 1853, with the earliest graves at the top of the hill. During the Civil War, when the Federals occupied Columbia, its location next to the Nashville & Decatur Railroad made it a significant outpost. Several hundred Confederate and Union soldiers were interred here after the Battles of Franklin and Nashville late in 1864. Confederate Gen. Patrick Cleburne's body was first buried here before being reinterred at St John's Church in nearby Mount Pleasant.

Union quartermaster, Capt. Edmund B. Whitman, was ordered to search Western Theater battlefields and cemeteries for the Federal dead. He reported in December 1865 that “the bodies of all soldiers who have been killed or who have died at Columbia are deposited in the South East Corner of the Rose Hill Cemetery.” Whitman envisioned Rose Hill as a national cemetery in Middle Tennessee in part because Confederate soldiers were buried next to Rose Hill (102 today). In 1867, the Union dead were removed to Stones River National Cemetery in Murfreesboro. In May 1882, the local Women's Confederate Memorial Association erected the Confederate monument.
Side by Side Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, September 19, 2020
2. Side by Side Marker
The soldier stands at "funeral parade rest."

Columbia African Americans created Rosemount Cemetery, beyond the fence, in 1873. Some former soldiers who had served in the U.S. Colored Troops lived in town, and at least two are buried here: Sgt. Asa Johnson, Co. C, 15th USCT, and Sgt. William Frierson, Co. A, 13th USCT. In the Battle of Nashville, Frierson was wounded in the successful USCT charge at Peach Orchard Hill alongside white Federal troops.

Captions:
Left, top: Confederate monument, Rose Hill Cemetery Courtesy Tennessee State Library & Archives
Left, bottom (left): Capt. Edmund B. Whitman Courtesy Kansas Historical Society
Left, bottom (right): Unidentified USCT sergeant Courtesy Library of Congress
Right: Battle of Nashville - Courtesy Library of Congress
 
Erected 2016 by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansCemeteries & Burial SitesWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 35° 36.241′ N, 87° 1.867′ W. Marker is in Columbia, Tennessee, in Maury County. Marker can be reached
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from Cemetery Street near Whatley Street, on the right when traveling north. Marker is located near Cemetery Street entrance to Rose Hill Cemetery. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 219 Cemetery Street, Columbia TN 38401, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. College Hill High School (approx. 0.3 miles away); Union Station Train Depot (approx. half a mile away); Columbia Fire Department (approx. 0.6 miles away); Mount Lebanon Missionary Baptist Church (approx. 0.6 miles away); 1946 Columbia Race Riot (approx. 0.7 miles away); A.J. Morton Funeral Home (approx. 0.7 miles away); Maury County Colored Hospital (approx. ¾ mile away); Bethel House Hotel (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbia.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 21, 2020. It was originally submitted on September 20, 2020, by Duane Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 43 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 20, 2020, by Duane Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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Oct. 24, 2020