Lancaster in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Early Transportation Routes
Throughout Lancaster City's history, King Street has been a major thoroughfare between Philadelphia and points west. In 1733 work commenced on the King's Highway, now Route 340. This highway began at the square, extended eastward on King Street and continued on to Philadelphia. Although the highway improved travel between Lancaster and Philadelphia, the dirt roadbed became impassable in inclement weather. In 1792 the State chartered the Philadelphia-Lancaster Turnpike Company which built the Philadelphia-Lancaster Turnpike, a part of the present-day U.S.30 and the first turnpike in the United States. The new route was constructed with a hard, macadam surface, making it passable year round.
Unfortunately, King Street itself was not surfaced, and continued to be dusty in dry weather and a sea of mud in wet weather. To avoid taxing citizens for paving the street, Lancaster received permission from the State Legislature to hold a lottery to raise $20,000. The drawing took place on May 1, 1802: First prize was $1,000, with second prize being $500; more than four thousand other prizes were awarded. On May 28th, paving began
In order to accommodate travellers, stagecoaches left Lancaster for points east and west. In the mid-eighteenth century, a traveller going to Philadelphia would catch Matthias Slough's dispatch stage line at the White Swan Hotel at 5:00 a.m. and would arrive in Philadelphia that evening.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial Era • Roads & Vehicles. A significant historical month for this entry is May 1861.
Location. 40° 2.282′ N, 76° 18.355′ W. Marker is in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, in Lancaster County. Marker is at the intersection of Queen Street and King Street, on the left when traveling north on Queen Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Lancaster PA 17603, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Soldiers and Sailors Monument (here, next to this marker); Old Courthouse (here, next to this marker); Old Center Square (Penn Square) (here, next to this marker); Central Market (here, next to this marker); Lancaster's 'freedom spies' (here, next to this marker); Penn Square (a few steps from this marker); The Revolutionary War (a few steps from this marker); The War of 1812 (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lancaster.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Lancaster markers displayed together.
Credits. This page was last revised on October 9, 2020. It was originally submitted on February 4, 2008. This page has been viewed 1,380 times since then and 35 times this year. Last updated on October 8, 2020. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on February 4, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.