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Dallas in Dallas County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

First Juries to Sit Women in Dallas County

 
 
First Juries to Sit Women in Dallas County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kayla Harper, October 11, 2020
1. First Juries to Sit Women in Dallas County Marker
Inscription.  

Although the ratification of the 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution granted women the right to vote in 1920, women were not permitted to serve on juries in Texas until 1954. Efforts to add women to jury lists began soon after passage of the 19th amendment, when it became clear that the right of jury service would not be granted to women along with the right of suffrage. These efforts hastened during the 1930s and 1940s. During this time, local newspapers drew attention to the issue by reporting on women who were called to jury duty by mistake, and the Dallas Morning News pointed out the absurdity of a system that would allow female district judges but denied those same women the right to sit on a jury.

The amendment to the Texas Constitution requiring that women serve on grand and petit juries was finally approved by voters on November 2, 1954. Although women were not officially added to the Dallas County jury selection lists until August of 1955, women who continued to be called to duty "by mistake" had the right to serve for the first time. In November 1954, Adelyne Dransfield, the sole female member of the jury on
First Juries to Sit Women in Dallas County Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kayla Harper, October 11, 2020
2. First Juries to Sit Women in Dallas County Marker
which she was serving, was elected as one of the first female jury "foremen" in Dallas County. The first occasions for women to serve on juries in Dallas County were key steps in the ongoing struggle for gender equality and the achievement of full citizenship rights for women in Dallas and throughout the nation. The first women to serve on juries in Dallas County asserted their right to complete this very important job of citizenship with legitimacy and confidence.
Marker is property of the State of Texas
 
Erected 2008 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 15464.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Civil RightsWomen.
 
Location. 32° 46.728′ N, 96° 48.423′ W. Marker is in Dallas, Texas, in Dallas County. Marker is on South Record Street just south of Main Street, on the right when traveling south. The marker is located behind the Old Red Courthouse facing South Record Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 100 S Houston St, Dallas TX 75202, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Old Red Courthouse (a few steps from this marker); Women's Suffrage in Dallas County (a few steps from this marker); John F. Kennedy Memorial Plaza (within shouting distance of this marker);
Old Red Courthouse image. Click for full size.
By Kayla Harper, October 11, 2020
3. Old Red Courthouse
Dallas County Records Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Dallas County (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Log Cabin Pioneers of Dallas County (about 300 feet away); Dealey Plaza (about 300 feet away); Kennedy Assassination Route (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Dallas.
 
Old Red Courthouse image. Click for full size.
By Kayla Harper, October 11, 2020
4. Old Red Courthouse
Old Red Courthouse image. Click for full size.
By Kayla Harper, October 11, 2020
5. Old Red Courthouse
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 15, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 14, 2020, by Kayla Harper of Dallas, Texas. This page has been viewed 62 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on October 14, 2020, by Kayla Harper of Dallas, Texas. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.
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Mar. 2, 2021