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Yuma in Yuma County, Arizona — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail

 
 
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 14, 2014
1. Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail Marker
Inscription.  While the American Revolution brewed on the Atlantic Coast, Spain expanded its New World empire to protect California against the British and Russians. In 1774, Juan Bautista de Anza, commander of the Royal Presidio of Tubac, successfully explored an overland route from Sonora, Mexico into Alta or Upper California. This route made possible the transport of livestock, goods, and people to sustain the new settlements.

Anza was authorized to lead a 1775-76 expedition to settle the port of San Francisco. Volunteer soldier-settlers came from as far south as Culiacán. Livestock, equipment, supplies, and expedition members were gathered at Horcasitas and finally at Tubac. From there, they would travel 1000 miles on foot, horseback, burro and mule to their destination.

A variety of people made the trip — soldiers and their families, interpreters, priests, packers, cowboys, and cooks — as well as nearly one thousand head of livestock. At journey’s end, 198 people, over a third of them children under 12, remained in Alta California to build the presidio and missions of San Francisco and other communities.

They and
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, June 14, 2014
2. Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail Marker
(Colorado River in background)
others using the trail established by Anza began the settlements of San José and Los Angeles, and stamped California with the language and customs of their New World Hispanic culture.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial EraExplorationRoads & VehiclesSettlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail series list.
 
Location. 32° 43.681′ N, 114° 36.894′ W. Marker is in Yuma, Arizona, in Yuma County. Marker can be reached from Prison Hill Road half a mile north of Harold C. Giss Parkway. Marker is located in Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park, overlooking the Colorado River. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 220 Prison Hill Road, Yuma AZ 85364, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The All-important Colorado River Crossing (here, next to this marker); "Indian Hill" (here, next to this marker); View of the Prison from Across the River (a few steps from this marker); Site of Old Ferry Landing (a few steps from this marker); "Ocean to Ocean" Highway Bridge (within shouting distance of this marker); Yuma East Wetlands Today (within shouting distance of this marker);
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Ocean-to-Ocean Highway Bridge (within shouting distance of this marker); Yuma East Wetlands (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Yuma.
 
Also see . . .
1. Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail. On the eve of the American Revolution, Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza led more than 240 men, women, and children on an epic journey across the frontier of New Spain to establish a settlement at San Francisco Bay. (Submitted on October 21, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail. The 1,200-mile Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail commemorates, protects, marks, and interprets the route traveled by Anza and the colonists during the years 1775 and 1776 from Sonora, Mexico (New Spain), to settle Alta California and establish a mission and presidio at today's San Francisco. (Submitted on October 21, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 21, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 19, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 66 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 21, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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Mar. 5, 2021