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Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Third Battle of Winchester

Hackwood House

 
 
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Inscription.  Prominent Virginian John Smith was charged with guarding prisoners of war held in Winchester during the Revolutionary War. He purportedly had this stately home (in front of you) built by Hessian and British prisoners around 1777.

During the fighting at the Third Battle of Winchester, Gordon's Confederate troops formed around the Hackwood House and its outbuildings. At 3 p.m. the Union Eighth, Sixth, and Nineteenth Corps attacked. Col. Thoburn of the Eighth Corps described what happened next: "A succession of stone walls gave excellent cover to the enemy, and from behind them we received a very severe musketry fire...but we steadily advanced and beat back the enemy."

When it was over, recalled James Franklin Fitts of the 12th Connecticut, "the Rebel dead lay thickly in the fields beyond, and were piled upon each other in the yard of a large stone mansion...A ghastly row of gray-clad corpses lay along a wall, behind which some Rebel brigade had evidently found shelter; and the fields and hillsides as far as Winchester were dotted with the fallen."
 
Erected by Civil War Preservation
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Trust.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
 
Location. Marker has been reported permanently removed. It was located near 39° 12.124′ N, 78° 7.695′ W. Marker was near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker could be reached from Redbud Road (County Route 661), on the right when traveling east. Located at the Hackwood Wayside, along the Battle Trail, inside the CWPT Third Winchester Battlefield site. The closest trailhead to this marker is along Redbud Road. Touch for map. Marker was in this post office area: Winchester VA 22603, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Fury On The Fence Line (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Sheridan Renews The Attack (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (about 500 feet away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (about 700 feet away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.2 miles away); Alabama (approx. 0.2 miles away); Ten Thousand Devils (approx. ¼ mile away); A Murderous Fire (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left is a photograph of Hackwood House, "The fighting on September 19 left the house partially demolished. Various owners have worked to restore it to its original grandeur throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries." (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Army Military History Institute. Period sketch (in background) by J.E. Taylor, courtesy of the Western Reserve Historical Society.)

A portrait of General Gordon in the center is captioned, "Confederate General John B. Gordon's division fought a valiant but unsuccessful fight trying to stop the Union Eighth Corps." (Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.)

A map of the tactical situation between 3:30 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. on September 19, 1864 is on the right.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 5, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 26, 2007. This page has been viewed 23 times since then and 7 times this year. Last updated on November 5, 2020, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.
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Mar. 7, 2021