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Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Third Battle of Winchester

The West Woods

 
 
The Third Battle of Winchester Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
1. The Third Battle of Winchester Marker
Inscription.  You are standing near the center of General Early's infantry line at what has come to be called the West Woods. Although these particular trees were not here during the Battle of Third Winchester, some are in the same location as those that stood on that day.

At 11:40 a.m., the Union Sixth and Nineteenth Corps marched toward you to confront Early's troops positioned to your left and right. As Union Gen. Horatio Wright's Sixth Corps advanced along the Berryville Pike, it veered southward exposing breaks in the line between itself and the Nineteenth Corps. Confederate Gen. Robert Rodes' Division was positioned behind you with Gen. Stephen Ramseur's Division to his right: both braced to defend their lines against the oncoming attack. The Union Sixth Corps launched a successful attack, but Confederate units regrouped and executed a powerful counterthrust. Rodes was reported to have yelled "Charge them boys! Charge them!" before a shell exploded over his head and he fell dead from his horse.

Confederate Gen. Cullen A. Battle assumed command of the division as his Alabama Brigade advanced toward a break in the Union line. The rest
Help Preserve 3rd Winchester image. Click for more information.
2. Help Preserve 3rd Winchester
Details of CWPT efforts to save this battlefield.
Click for more information.
of Rodes' Division and all of Gordon's Division followed. With a famed Rebel yell, they pushed the Union Sixth and Nineteenth Corps back to the First Woods.
 
Erected by Civil War Preservation Trust.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
 
Location. Marker has been reported permanently removed. It was located near 39° 11.791′ N, 78° 7.963′ W. Marker was near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker could be reached from Redbud Road (County Route 661), on the right when traveling east. Located at the West Woods Wayside, along the Battle Trail, inside the CWPT Third Winchester Battlefield site. Although the marker is a few hundred yards from I-81, there is no access directly to the marker. The closest trailhead to this marker is on Redbud Road. Touch for map. Marker was in this post office area: Winchester VA 22603, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Major General Robert Emmett Rodes (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Counterattack! (about 400 feet away); Alabama (approx. 0.4 miles away); Fury On The Fence Line (approx. half a mile away); The West Woods (approx. half a mile away); Sheridan Renews The Attack (approx. half a mile away);
The Battle Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
3. The Battle Map
Third Battle Of Winchester (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left is a drawing of "Union General Ricketts' attack against Rodes' Division in the West Wood" from Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. In the upper center is a portrait of Confederate General Robert E. Rodes. The map on the right side illustrates the tactical situation between 11:40 a.m. and 1:30 p.m. on September 19, 1864.
 
Also see . . .
1. Summary of the Battle of Third Winchester. The action described on the marker falls under Phase 6 of this National Parks Service summary. (Submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. CWPT Walking Tour of The Third Battle of Winchester. This marker is one along the walking trail around a portion of the Third Winchester Battlefield, preserved by the Civil War Preservation Trust. (Submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Robert Rodes. Unique as the only non-West Point graduate to hold division command under Robert E. Lee in the Army of Northern Virginia. Rodes served with distinction at many battles through the war. He was in his thirties when killed here at Third Winchester. (Submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
The West Woods Wayside image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
4. The West Woods Wayside
Battle's Brigade advanced through this point to hit almost right on the seam between the two Union Corps.
Another View of the Area of the West Woods Today image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
5. Another View of the Area of the West Woods Today
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 6, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 27, 2007. This page has been viewed 1,539 times since then and 8 times this year. Last updated on November 6, 2020, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos:   1. submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on March 13, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3, 4, 5. submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.
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