Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Third Battle of Winchester
The Middle Field - Bloodiest Encounter in the Shenandoah Valley
"[We]...crossed this field under an artillery and infantry fire from the enemy in position in a belt of woods in front and extending to the right, and when within 200 yards charged with fixed bayonets at double-quick.
At that moment Confederates attacked the exposed flanks of Birge's brigade and drove it out of the Second Woods and back across the Middle Field. Grover did his best to fill the gaps with his second line but the counterattack and the devastating artillery fire from Braxton's and Breathed's Confederate guns was too much. The entire line was driven back to the edge of the woods behind you. Grover's Division suffered more than 1,500 casualties (killed, wounded, and missing) in the action here.
Erected by Civil War Preservation Trust.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
Location. Marker has been reported permanently removed. It was located near 39° 11.896′ N, 78° 7.638′ W. Marker was near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker could Touch for map. Marker was in this post office area: Winchester VA 22603, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Alabama (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ten Thousand Devils (approx. ¼ mile away); The Middle Field (approx. ¼ mile away); Sheridan Renews The Attack (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.3 miles away); Fury On The Fence Line (approx. 0.3 miles away); Counterattack! (approx. 0.3 miles away); Major General Robert Emmett Rodes (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
More about this marker. On the left of the marker is a battle map showing the tactical situation between 1:30 and 2:30 p.m. on September 19, 1864. On the right is an "Alfred Waud's sketch of Grover's division attacking across the Middle Field." The sketch is also used as the background image for the marker.
Also see . . .
1. Civil War Preservation Trust page on Third Winchester. (Submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Summary of the Battle of Third Winchester. The action described on the marker is covered under phase 4 of this National Parks Service summary (Submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. CWPT Walking Tour of The Third Battle of Winchester. This marker is one along the walking trail around a portion of the Third Winchester Battlefield, preserved by (Submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
1. A passage from my ancestor's diary
September the 19, 1864: Wee took up line of march, marching som distance. The cannons begun to rore (roar), the musketry the same. Wee marching don (down) in the direction of Winchester, stopping a while, then wee was ordered on crossing Opequan Creek near Winchester. Then wee was ordered on double quick for some distance, then ordered into line of battle, and fixed baynetts (bayonets) then ordered on a charge through a piece of thick pine brush, getting through the thicket was ordered to stop and lay down. Laying thare a few minuets (minutes) then was ordered on double quick to charge the enamy out of thare works. The Sixth and nineteenth Corps on our left and Averal’s Cavalry on our right. The whole thing on a charge, chragin gthe enamy out of thare works captuern (capturing) a great many prisssners and som(e) few pieces of canon and a great many small arms. Marching to the mill race on the other side of Winchester, wee camped for the night, marching 12 miles.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 10, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 27, 2007. This page has been viewed 1,975 times since then and 2 times this year. Last updated on November 9, 2020. Photos: 1. submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 2. submitted on March 13, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.