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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Stanton in Mercer County, North Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Hidatsa Garden

 
 
Hidatsa Garden Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 28, 2020
1. Hidatsa Garden Marker
Caption: (bottom left) "My grand mother Turtle made scarecrows to frighten away the birds ... she drove town sticks for legs, and bound two other sticks to them for arms: on the top she fastened a ball of cast-away skins.... Such a scarecrow looked wicked!"
Inscription.  With simple tools, Hidatsa women grew corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers in the fertile soil along the Missouri and Knife Rivers.

Buffalo Bird Woman, known in Hidatsa as Maxidiwiac, was born born about 1839, in an earth lodge along the Knife River in present day North Dakota. In 1845, her people moved upstream and built Like-a-fishhook village, which they shared with the Mandan and Arikara. There Buffalo Bird Woman grew up to become an expert in traditional Hidatsa gardening.

Mapi (Sunflower)
"Usually we planted sunflowers only around the edge of a field. We thought a field surrounded thus by a sparse sown row of, sunflowers, had a handsome appearance."
Ama'ca (Beans)
"In the spring, when I came to plant beans, I was careful to select seeds for the following points: seeds should be fully ripe ... plump, and of good size."
Ko'xati (Corn)
"We knew when corn planting time came by observing the leaves of the wild gooseberry bushes. This is the first of the woods to leaf in the spring."
Kaku'I (Squash)
"We has a reason for planting the squash
Hidatsa Garden and Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 28, 2020
2. Hidatsa Garden and Marker
seeds in the side of a hill. If we planted them in level ground the rains would beat down the soil ... but if we planted the sprouts on the side of the hill, the water from the rains would flow over them and keep the soil soft."

Buffalo Bird Woman's Garden
 
Erected by Department of the Interior, National Parks Service.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: AgricultureNative Americans.
 
Location. 47° 19.903′ N, 101° 23.073′ W. Marker is near Stanton, North Dakota, in Mercer County. Marker can be reached from County Highway 37 near 6th Street Southwest, on the right when traveling north. This marker is located on Knife River Indian Villages Village Trail. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 546 County Road 37, Stanton ND 58571, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Lewis & Clark at the Knife River Indian Villages (here, next to this marker); Awatixa Xi'e Village (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Middens (approx. 0.2 miles away); Feeding the River (approx. half a mile away); Awatixa Village (approx. half a mile away); Cutbank Archeaology (sic) (approx. 0.6 miles away); River-Centered
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(approx. 0.6 miles away); Hidatsa Village (approx. 2.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Stanton.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 10, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 10, 2020, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 31 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on December 10, 2020, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.
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Mar. 6, 2021