New Smyrna Beach in Volusia County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
Canaveral National Seashore
Mounds of History
At 35 feet high, Turtle Mound is the tallest shell mound in Florida. Throughout history, it served as an important home and landmark for Timucuan Indians, Spanish explorers, and early Floridians.
Created between AD 800 and 1400, Turtle Mound is an Indian Midden, or refuse pile, composed mostly of oyster shells. It holds a vital archaeological and environmental record of the past.
Turtle Mound is experiencing extensive shoreline erosion and loss of artifacts due to natural and human disturbances.
• Boat wakes and recreational use • Freezes and storms • High-water events and changes in sea level • Non-native plants and animals
The park is collaborating with scientists, archaeologists, and conservation organizations to create a “living shoreline” of native species in waters adjacent to Turtle Mound.
Stabilizing shells provide attachment surface for oysters. A live oyster reef will form, (
Grass rapidly produces below surface and runners from which new shoots emerge. This plant will help disperse wave energy and bind sediments.
Red and Black Mangroves
Rhizophora mangle; Avicennia germinans
Protected by the marsh grass and oysters, seedlings will become established and put out roots, which will stabilize sediments and runoff.
You Can Help
Only walk on marked paths
Do not walk on or bring your boat onto the “living shoreline.”
There are thousands of volunteers who have helped with this and other restoration projects in the park!
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & Archaeology • Native Americans.
Location. 28° 55.792′ N, 80° 49.589′ W. Marker is in New Smyrna Beach, Florida, in Volusia County. Marker can be reached from South Atlantic Avenue half a mile south of Trout Avenue. The marker is located a short distance north of the Apollo Beach Visitor Center, Canaveral National Seashore. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 7611 S Atlantic Avenue, New Smyrna Beach FL 32169, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers The Mound Builders (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); A Gateway to the Stars (approx. ¼ mile away); Eldora House (approx. 1½ miles away); Eldora Village (approx. 1½ miles away); a different marker also named Eldora Village (approx. 1½ miles away); Bethune Beach (approx. 1.6 miles away); Bethune-Volusia Beach (approx. 1.7 miles away); Veterans Field of Honor (approx. 3.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Smyrna Beach.
Credits. This page was last revised on January 25, 2021. It was originally submitted on January 24, 2021, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. This page has been viewed 42 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on January 24, 2021, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.