Staunton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Barger House
The War's Lasting Effects
Because of his age, John Barger did not serve in the war, but two of his sons and a brother did fight for the Confederacy. His sons and brother survived the hostilities. The true test of the war, however, for the Barger family, fell in the area of finance. Prior to the war, Barger borrowed money from his family and the bank of Fincastle to purchase land and finance his farm. When t he prices of agricultural goods plummeted in the wake of war, he was unable to pay his debts, and on May 7, 1869, filed for bankruptcy. Two and a half years later, the District Court of the United States for the Eastern District of Virginia foreclosed on the property, a fate shared by many others in postwar Virginia. It is not clear how Barger fared financially after the event. However, by the 1880’s,
According to the 1860 census, on the eve of the Civil War, the population of the ten county area from Harpers Ferry to Rockbridge County consisted of 26,410 slaves or 18 percent of the total population of the Shenandoah Valley. Fewer than 4,040 or 4 percent of the Valley’s population of 121,194 whites and free blacks were slaveholders. Additionally, more than 4,593 free blacks made up 3 percent of the population of the area and were involved in critical trade throughout the Valley.
Although no slaves worked on the Barger farmstead prior to the war, two blacks, “Law & wife Mell,” were listed as residents with the Barger family in the 1860 census. Little is known of their relations with the Barger family or what happened to them afterward.
Erected 2002 by The Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation, Virginia Civil War Trails, and the Frontier Culture Museum of Virginia.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Agriculture • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is May 1782.
Location. 38° Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Staunton VA 24401, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Avenue of Trees (approx. 0.4 miles away); Great Indian Warrior Trading Path (approx. 0.4 miles away); Frontier Culture Museum (approx. 0.4 miles away); First Settler's Grave (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Great Road (approx. 0.4 miles away); Staunton National Cemetery (approx. 0.9 miles away); Medal of Honor Memorial (approx. 0.9 miles away); Address by President Lincoln (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Staunton.
Regarding The Barger House. In the lower left is a photo of The Barger House prior to relocation. In the center is a drawing titled "Reception in Staunton” by Porte Crayon (David Strother). In the lower center is a photo of a soldier captioned, The Valley contributed more than 60 percent of its eligible men to the war. To the lower right is a photo captioned, Valley women such as the Buck sisters were often among those left
Additional keywords. Frontier Culture Museum of Virginia
Credits. This page was last revised on April 10, 2021. It was originally submitted on March 4, 2009, by Robert H. Moore, II of Winchester, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,874 times since then and 37 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on August 24, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. 2. submitted on March 4, 2009, by Robert H. Moore, II of Winchester, Virginia. 3. submitted on August 24, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. 4, 5. submitted on March 4, 2009, by Robert H. Moore, II of Winchester, Virginia. 6. submitted on January 30, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.