Why A Moat?
The water-filled moat surrounding Fort Monroe covers about 19 acres, ranging from 50 to 250 feet in width, and was designed to be eight feet deep. The moat is tidal, fed by the waters of Mill Creek.
Excavation of the moat began in 1820. It was first used as a canal that enabled barges to move stone and brick around the fort's construction site. Once the fort was completed, the moat served as a barrier between the main fortification and its outlying defenses. Three gates for vehicles and one for pedestrians allow access over the moat.
Beneath The Sediments
Over the years, sediments accumulated on the moat's sandy bottom. In 1978, US Navy divers searched the top two feet of sediments for possible munitions and explosives. They recovered 17,400 rounds of small arms ammunition—all live. They also discovered a bicycle, a bugle, and large assortments of glass bottles.
Erected by Fort Monroe Authority; National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & Archaeology
Location. 37° 0.139′ N, 76° 18.637′ W. Marker is in Fort Monroe in Hampton, Virginia. Marker is on Ingalls Road just north of Fenwick Road, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 32 Ingalls Rd, Fort Monroe VA 23651, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fort Monroe's Arc Of Freedom (here, next to this marker); Enormous Undertaking: The Fort's Construction (here, next to this marker); How Big Is Fort Monroe? (a few steps from this marker); Who Built Fort Monroe? (a few steps from this marker); A Bay Worth Preserving (within shouting distance of this marker); Why Was The Fort Built Here? (within shouting distance of this marker); Wisser Hall: From Books To War Games (within shouting distance of this marker); Digging Up The Past (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Monroe.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 9, 2021. It was originally submitted on February 9, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 39 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on February 9, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.