Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
— National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
A large number of spear-heads. .. beautifully chipped . had been placed here; but, out of a bushel or two of fragments, four specimens only were recovered entire.
Squier and Davis, 1846
Elliptical Mound (Mound 3) is the most unusually shaped mound of the Mound City Group. It is located between two circular mounds, suggesting some relationship among the three. Despite Elliptical Mound's size (140 feet long) only four burials were found here. One of the burials was surrounded by several hundred broken flint spearheads of unusual forms and fine craftsmanship.
Three intensively used crematory basins uncovered on the mound floor indicate that many cremations were performed here. Stone tools, pottery, copper objects, shell beads, and two platform pipes were found in one of the basins.
Although most of the spearheads found here were broken this one (above, drawn by Squier and Davis, 1846) was found entire, chipped from milky quartz. An obsidian spearhead recovered here came from the Yellowstone country, 1,430 miles away,
The clay pot (left), found here, was made
with exacting precision. Its thickness is
nearly uniform throughout, varying only
one-sixth of an inch.
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Native Americans.
Location. 39° 22.57′ N, 83° 0.255′ W. Marker is in Chillicothe, Ohio, in Ross County. Marker is on Ohio Route 104 0.3 miles north of Moundsville Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 16062 OH-104, Chillicothe OH 45601, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ceremonial Places (within shouting distance of this marker); Effigy Pipes (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mica Splendor (about 400 feet away); Mound 7 (about 400 feet away); A Sacred Purpose (about 600 feet away); Casualties of War (about 700 feet away); Ancient Monuments (about 700 feet away); A Flourishing Culture (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chillicothe.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 14, 2021. It was originally submitted on February 14, 2021, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 44 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on February 14, 2021, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.