“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chillicothe in Ross County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

Ross County Earthworks

The Arc Of Appalachia Junction Earthworks Archeological Park & Nature Preserve

Ross County Earthworks Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, March 10, 2019
1. Ross County Earthworks Marker
The most spectacular concentration of ancient earthworks in the world. Of the three dozen major earthwork complexes built by the Hopewell Culture, a full two thirds of them fall within the boundaries of modern Ross County. Five of these sites, all ones that have been protected much longer in history than Junction, are on our nation's priority list for World Heritage Site nomination, along with Newark and Fort Ancient Earthworks. We are working to help Junction join this list.

Chillicothe 1847. The map to the left is a reproduction of Squier and Davis' earthworks survey of the greater Chillicothe region of Ross County. Note the remarkably high density of earthworks. Consider that what you see on the map represents just a small portion of the many earthworks that were built within the boundaries of modern-day Ross County. It is clear that the Chillicothe area was the most important ceremonial center in all of Eastern North America two thousand years ago.

Earthwork Destruction. All of the great earthwork complexes built by the Hopewell Culture have been damaged in the last two hundred

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years. Originally constructed on sites boasting rich, level soils, those that weren't obliterated by urban development have been degraded by nearly 200 years of plowing. Few are now visible to the casual observer. Fortunately the Hopewell builders dug below the topsoil before beginning their construction, allowing modern day archaeologists to reveal the earthworks with new technologies. One tool, the magnetometer, can detect disturbances under the surface of the ground, even ancient disturbances. With this technology, Archaeologist Jarrod Burks has revealed the location of Junction's nine earthworks as shown above right. Photo courtesy of Jarrod Burks

Ross County Earthworks Protection.
Of the two dozen earthwork complexes built in Ross County, seven have been fully protected. Two are under the stewardship of the Arc of Appalachia: Junction Earthworks and Spruce Hill, both in partnership with The Archaeological Conservancy. The other protected earthwork complexes in Ross County High Bank Works, Hopeton Earthworks, Hopewell Mound Group, Mound City and Seip Earthworks-are managed by Hopewell Culture National Historical Park

For over 30 years, The Archaeological Conservancy has been on the forefront of saving Ross County earthworks for posterity, playing a pivotal role in many of the sites that are safely protected today.
Topics. This historical

Ross County Earthworks Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, March 10, 2019
2. Ross County Earthworks Marker
marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyNative Americans. A significant historical year for this entry is 1847.
Location. 39° 19.042′ N, 83° 0.757′ W. Marker is in Chillicothe, Ohio, in Ross County. Marker can be reached from Belleview Avenue (County Road 377) 0.1 miles east of Plyleys Lane, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2 Bellcreek Ln, Chillicothe OH 45601, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Hopewell Culture (here, next to this marker); Dard Hunter (approx. 1˝ miles away); Ross County Civil War Memorial (approx. 1.6 miles away); Quinn Chapel African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church (approx. 1.7 miles away); Birthplace of Lucy Ware Webb Hayes / Lucy Webb Hayes, 1831 - 1889 (approx. 1.7 miles away); The Underground Railroad in Chillicothe / Ross County (approx. 1.8 miles away); The First Baptist Church (approx. 1.8 miles away); Story Mound (approx. 1.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chillicothe.
Ross County Earthworks Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, March 10, 2019
3. Ross County Earthworks Marker
Credits. This page was last revised on February 14, 2021. It was originally submitted on February 14, 2021, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 119 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on February 14, 2021, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.

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Nov. 30, 2023