Ross County Earthworks
The Arc Of Appalachia Junction Earthworks Archeological Park & Nature Preserve
The most spectacular concentration of ancient earthworks in the world. Of the three dozen major earthwork complexes built by the Hopewell Culture, a full two thirds of them fall within the boundaries of modern Ross County. Five of these sites, all ones that have been protected much longer in history than Junction, are on our nation's priority list for World Heritage Site nomination, along with Newark and Fort Ancient Earthworks. We are working to help Junction join this list.
Chillicothe 1847. The map to the left is a reproduction of Squier and Davis' earthworks survey of the greater Chillicothe region of Ross County. Note the remarkably high density of earthworks. Consider that what you see on the map represents just a small portion of the many earthworks that were built within the boundaries of modern-day Ross County. It is clear that the Chillicothe area was the most important ceremonial center in all of Eastern North America two thousand years ago.
Earthwork Destruction. All of the great earthwork complexes built by the Hopewell Culture have been damaged in the last two hundred
Ross County Earthworks Protection.
Of the two dozen earthwork complexes built in Ross County, seven have been fully protected. Two are under the stewardship of the Arc of Appalachia: Junction Earthworks and Spruce Hill, both in partnership with The Archaeological Conservancy. The other protected earthwork complexes in Ross County High Bank Works, Hopeton Earthworks, Hopewell Mound Group, Mound City and Seip Earthworks-are managed by Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
For over 30 years, The Archaeological Conservancy has been on the
forefront of saving Ross County earthworks for posterity, playing
a pivotal role in many of the sites that are safely protected today.
Topics. This historical
Location. 39° 19.042′ N, 83° 0.757′ W. Marker is in Chillicothe, Ohio, in Ross County. Marker can be reached from Belleview Avenue (County Road 377) 0.1 miles east of Plyleys Lane, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2 Bellcreek Ln, Chillicothe OH 45601, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Hopewell Culture (here, next to this marker); Dard Hunter (approx. 1˝ miles away); Ross County Civil War Memorial (approx. 1.6 miles away); Quinn Chapel African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church (approx. 1.7 miles away); Birthplace of Lucy Ware Webb Hayes / Lucy Webb Hayes, 1831 - 1889 (approx. 1.7 miles away); The Underground Railroad in Chillicothe / Ross County (approx. 1.8 miles away); The First Baptist Church (approx. 1.8 miles away); Story Mound (approx. 1.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chillicothe.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 14, 2021. It was originally submitted on February 14, 2021, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 119 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on February 14, 2021, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.