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Fort Recovery in Mercer County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

St. Clair's Defeat / Battle of Fort Recovery

Anthony Wayne Parkway

 
 
St. Clair's Defeat Marker image. Click for full size.
By TeamOHE, May 18, 2019
1. St. Clair's Defeat Marker
Inscription.  
St. Clair's Defeat
When American pioneers attempted to settle the Northwest Territory following the Ordinance of 1787, the Indians, aided by the British fought fiercely for their homes. The first United States army sent to break the Indian resistance was commanded by Gen. Josiah Harmar. It met defeat (1790) at the Miami Indian villages (present Fort Wayne).

Gen. Arthur St. Clair, the territorial Governor, made the second attempt with a badly trained army. He marched north from Fort Washington (Cincinnati) and reached this place on the evening of Nov. 3, 1791. The following morning, the army found itself surrounded by an Indian force commanded by Chief Little Turtle. After a furious battle, St. Clair's troops broke through the enemy encirclement and retreated southward. Here on this field they left approximately 900 dead and wounded, in what is relatively, the most disastrous defeat ever to befall an American Army. Victory was yet to be won.

Battle of Fort Recovery
In 1793, Gen. Mad Anthony Wayne led a third expedition against the Indians. On this site where St. Clair met defeat, he
Battle of Fort Recovery Marker image. Click for full size.
By TeamOHE, May 18, 2019
2. Battle of Fort Recovery Marker
Click or scan to see
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built a post significantly named Fort Recovery, Dec. 23-26, 1793. Here was won the Battle of Fort Recovery, the most signal victory of the Indian Wars. Early in the morning of June 30, 1794, a force of nearly 2,000 Indians under Chief Little Turtle, together with Canadian militiamen and British Officers, attacked a supply convoy near the fort. This detachment retreated within the stockade after losing its commander, Maj. William McMahon. The battle continued into the following day. Then the Indians retreated, beaten and divided, never again to gather in such force to challenge Wayne. A British officer present at the battle wrote in his diary: "Such a disappointment was never met with." The Battle of Fort Recovery was followed by Wayne's decisive defeat of the Indian Confederacy at Fallen Timbers, Aug. 20, 1794. The following year the Treaty of GreenVille was signed, Aug. 8, 1795 which placed the Indians under the control of the United States and opened the Northwest Territory, in part, to peaceful American settlement.
 
Erected 1954 by The Fort Recovery Historical Society.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and CastlesNative AmericansWars, US Indian. In addition, it is included in the Indian Wars Battlefield Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is November 3, 1791.
 
Location.
St. Clair's Defeat Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
3. St. Clair's Defeat Marker
View of historical marker in the center with reproduction of Fort Recovery in the right background, and the sign identifying this as being an Ohio Historical Society property site in the left background.
40° 24.854′ N, 84° 46.815′ W. Marker is in Fort Recovery, Ohio, in Mercer County. Marker is at the intersection of Fort Site Street and West Boundary Street, on the left when traveling north on Fort Site Street. This historical marker is located on the western outskirts of the downtown business district of Fort Recovery, Ohio. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1-113 Fort Site St, Fort Recovery OH 45846, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Strong, tall, redheaded Nance (a few steps from this marker); St. Clair Massacre (within shouting distance of this marker); Greene Ville Treaty Line (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Recovery State Historic Site (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Clair’s Defeat (1791) / Wayne’s Victory (1794) (within shouting distance of this marker); The Role of Women in the Battle (within shouting distance of this marker); Background of the Log Home and Original Owners (within shouting distance of this marker); Building Fort Recovery (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Recovery.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of the Wabash. This web link was both published and
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made available by, "Absolute Astronomy.com," in it's quest to enable "exploring the universe of knowledge" (Submitted on June 14, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

2. St. Clair's Defeat. This link is published and made available by, "Ohio History Central," an online encyclopedia of Ohio History. (Submitted on June 14, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 14, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 14, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 2,946 times since then and 26 times this year. Last updated on March 12, 2021, by Carl Gordon Moore Jr. of North East, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 28, 2021, by TeamOHE of Wauseon, Ohio.   3. submitted on June 14, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

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Jan. 19, 2022