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Lynchburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Lynchburg Civil War Hospitals

Knight and Miller Tobacco Factories

 

— Battle of Lynchburg —

 
Lynchburg Civil War Hospitals  Civil War Trail marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2007
1. Lynchburg Civil War Hospitals Civil War Trail marker
Inscription.  These tobacco factories, built in 1845, were typical of the nineteen in Lynchburg converted into hospitals during the Civil War. Surgeon J.K. Page supervised Knight’s and Miller’s as divisions of General Hospital No. 2.

The Thirty-two hospitals established in Lynchburg treated 3,000 to 4,000 patients at any given time, a remarkable achievement since Lynchburg’s 1860 population was 6,853. Citizens opened their own homes after major battle such as Gettysburg and the Wilderness when the deluge of casualties arrived by train exceeded 10,000.

Lynchburg’s hospitals made considerable progress during the war in hygiene and the treatment of wounds. Physicians like John J. Terrell and William Otway Owen worked constantly to improve conditions, saving the lives of hundreds of patients who otherwise would have died.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1845.
 
Location. 37° 24.604′ 
Lynchburg Tobacco Factory image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2007
2. Lynchburg Tobacco Factory
The Knight and Miller Tobacco Factories are the last two remaining of Lynchburg's Civil War hospitals. Both are identified by Civil War plaques, as seen in the photograph.
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N, 79° 8.647′ W. Marker is in Lynchburg, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of 12th Street and Dunbar Drive, on the right when traveling south on 12th Street. Marker is on the side of the warehouse to the right on a diagonal road off the left of 12th Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 612 12th Street, Lynchburg VA 24504, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Diamond Hill Baptist Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Micajah Davis House (approx. 0.2 miles away); N.B. Handy House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Paul Laurence Dunbar High School (approx. 0.2 miles away); Dunbar High School (approx. 0.2 miles away); Lucado House (1902) (approx. 0.2 miles away); Lucy Harrison Miller Baber (1908-1996) (approx. ¼ mile away); Cary DeVall Langhorne (1837-1948) (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lynchburg.
 
More about this marker. In the lower center is a photo of "Lynchburg College, built in 1856-57," which "stood vacant at 10th and Wise Streets when it became Lynchburg’s first military hospital in 1863. It was designated General Hospital No.3 in 1864. The Catholic Sisters of Charity provided nursing care there." From the Lynchburg Museum Collection

On the lower left is a portrait of "Dr. John J. Terrell (1829-1922), a Quaker, served in the Confederate Medical Corps. He supervised the Pest House and discovered Glanders Disease, a fatal horse infection. He saved hundreds of army mounts by using water buckets instead of troughs to prevent Glanders from spreading." From the Lynchburg Museum Collection

Next to it is a portrait of "Lucy Wilhelmina Otey (1801-67) opened the independent Ladies’ Relief Hospital in the former City Hotel on Main St. in Aug. 1861. Leading 500 of Lynchburg’s most prominent women, she established one of the South’s exemplary health-care facilities during the Civil War." From the Jones Memorial Library.

A map of Lynchburg showing other hospitals is on the lower right.
 
Regarding Lynchburg Civil War Hospitals. This is one in a series of Civil War Trails markers interpreting the Battle of Lynchburg (17-18 June 1864) and the city's role in the Civil War. Select the Civil War Virtual Tour by Marker link below to see other related markers.
 
Also see . . .
1. Civil War Lynchburg Virtual Tour by Markers. An eight stop Civil War Trails tour, with several Virginia state markers and other memorials added. (Submitted on December 8, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Locations of Lynchburg's Civil War hospitals image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2007
3. Locations of Lynchburg's Civil War hospitals
 

2. Confederate Hospitals in Lynchburg. (Submitted on December 8, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Lynchburg Tobacco Factory image. Click for full size.
By Bradley Owen, October 15, 2017
4. Lynchburg Tobacco Factory
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 22, 2021. It was originally submitted on December 2, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 3,502 times since then and 4 times this year. Last updated on March 21, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 2, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.   4. submitted on March 21, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

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Jan. 24, 2022