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Nacogdoches in Nacogdoches County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Franciscan Friars in East Texas

 
 
Franciscan Friars in East Texas Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Anderson, April 10, 2021
1. Franciscan Friars in East Texas Marker
Inscription.  Missionaries of the Franciscan order played an integral role in the administration of Spanish activities throughout Tejas (East Texas). In 1690, Father Damian Massanet (Mazanet) and Captain Alonso de Leon led an entrada to Tejas, and erected the first Spanish mission in the region, San Francisco de los Tejas. The second mission was Mission Santisimo Nombre de la Maria. Both missions served to evangelize native communities, quell French intrusion, and chart the East Texas borderlands. Massanet attempted to foster positive relations with the local Caddo tribes, but the optimistic beginnings of the Presidio and all six missions did not last. Deteriorated relationships, disease and harsh weather caused settlers to abandon the settlement in 1693.

In 1716, Franciscan friar Isidro Felix de Espinosa and Captain Domingo Ramon led a second missionary expedition to Tejas. They established Presidio Nuestra Senora de los Dolores de los Tejas and six missions, three under the administration of Espinosa, and the remaining under the control of Father Antonio Margil de Jesus. Despite tolerant coexistence, the missionaries did not find success converting
Franciscan Friars in East Texas Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brian Anderson, April 10, 2021
2. Franciscan Friars in East Texas Marker
Marker is the right-most of the five markers visible in this photo.
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the Caddo to Catholicism, and ultimately settlers fled in 1719 after harassment from French Lt. Philippe Blondel. A third and final effort to missionize East Texas took place under the Governor Don Jose de Azlor y Virto de Vera, the second Marquis de Aguayo. With 500 soldiers, missionaries and laymen in tow, Aguayo resettled the Mission San Francisco de los Neches under the leadership of Espinosa. While the Franciscans never fully evangelized the Tejas, their expeditions legitimized Spanish presence in East Texas.
 
Erected 2015 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 18269.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Churches & ReligionColonial EraHispanic Americans. A significant historical year for this entry is 1690.
 
Location. 31° 36.104′ N, 94° 39.383′ W. Marker is in Nacogdoches, Texas, in Nacogdoches County. Marker is on South Pecan Street 0.1 miles south of East Pilar Street, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Nacogdoches TX 75961, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Angelina (here, next to this marker); Governor Marquis de San Miguel de Aguayo (here, next to this marker); Governor Martin de Alarcon in East Texas (here, next to this marker); Captain Domingo Ramon (here, next to
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this marker); Chas. Hoya Land Office (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Site of First Home in Texas Owned by General Sam Houston (about 400 feet away); Gladys Hampton Building (about 400 feet away); Sam Houston's First Home in Texas (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Nacogdoches.
 
Also see . . .  Franciscans - The Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association (THSA) (Submitted on April 12, 2021, by Brian Anderson of Kingwood, Texas.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 12, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 12, 2021, by Brian Anderson of Kingwood, Texas. This page has been viewed 35 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on April 12, 2021, by Brian Anderson of Kingwood, Texas.

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May. 17, 2021