The Battle of McDowell
Jackson's Valley Campaign
You are standing on one of the pivotal battlefields of the Shenandoah Valley campaign. Here, on May 8, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson and his 6,000 men defeated Union Gens. Robert C. Schenck's and Robert H. Milroy's 6,500-man commandes. Jackson's victory here gave him temporary control of the Shenandoah Valley.
The western edge of the Valley, where farmers produced a significant portion of the Confederacy's food, is over the mountains to your right. These mountains and the Valley offered concealment for Confederate armies marching north toward the Mason-Dixon Line, as well as an avenue of invasion for Union forces heading south. The Shenandoah Valley was a strategic corridor that both sides highly prized.
Heavy fighting here lasted from 3 P.M. until 8:30 P.M. Jackson's men captured the high ground early in the battle, repulsed uphill attacks from our left, and compelled the Federals to evacuate the town of McDowell under threat of artillery fire from the heights.
Jackson's triumph here secured his supply lines in the Shenandoah Valley, where he and his men soon won four
"We'll yield not a foot to treason, and so we must fight!"
— Gen. Robert H. Milroy, USA
"I am willing to die, for it is a righteous cause."
— Lt. William A. Massey, 12th Georgia Infantry, CSA
Erected by Civil War Trust and Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Natural Features • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is May 8, 1862.
Location. 38° 19.468′ N, 79° 27.948′ W. Marker is near McDowell, Virginia, in Highland County. Marker is on Highland Turnpike (U.S. 250) 1˝ miles east of Bullpasture River Road (Virginia Route 678), on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 10561 Highland Turnpike, Head Waters VA 24442, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Battle of McDowell (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Battle of McDowell (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Battle of McDowell (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of McDowell (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named The Battle of McDowell (approx. half a mile away); Battle Of McDowell (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named The Battle of McDowell (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named Battle of McDowell (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in McDowell.
Credits. This page was last revised on May 9, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 8, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 46 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 8, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.