Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
McDowell in Highland County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Battle of McDowell

"God blessed our arms with victory at McDowell"

 

— 1862 Valley Campaign —

 
Battle of McDowell Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, May 8, 2021
1. Battle of McDowell Marker
Inscription.  
Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's unsuccessful attack on Union forces at Kernstown on March 23, 1862, alarmed Federal officials, who assigned additional troops to the Shenandoah Valley to guard against a Confederate assault on Washington, D.C. In May and June, Jackson's "foot cavalry" marked 350 miles; defeated three Union armies in engagements at McDowell (May 8), Front Royal (May 23), Winchester (May 25), Cross Keys (June 8), and Port Republic (June 9); inflicted twice the number of casualties it suffered; and tied down 60,000 Federal troops. The campaign made Jackson the Confederate's foremost hero.

In May 1862, two Union armies threatened Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's army in the Shenandoah Valley. To keep them from uniting, Jackson left a division to block Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks's force at Winchester and turned his attention to Gen. John C. Frémont's army, which was approaching from the west. Jackson first marched his command out of the Valley to suggest that he was en route to Richmond and then turned back to Staunton. On May 7, he marched west on the Staunton and Parkersburg Turnpike.

The

Battle of McDowell Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, May 8, 2021
2. Battle of McDowell Marker
Click or scan to see
this page online
head of Frémont's army, Gen. Robert H. Milroy's division had been camped here at McDowell since April 17. Milroy's artillery occupied Cemetery Hill across the road in front of you. He neglected to occupy the high ground—Sitlington's Hill, to your left across U.S. Route 250—and Jackson sent Gen. Edward "Allegheny" Johnson's division to hold it. On May 8, Johnson deployed his force with the 12th Georgia Infantry in front. Late in the afternoon, Milroy attacked up the steep slope, using ravines and heavy woods for cover. After desperate fighting at the summit, the Federals fell back to McDowell.

The next day, Jackson telegraphed Richmond, "God blessed our arms with victory at McDowell yesterday," and then pursued the retreating Federals west on the turnpike and then north about thirty miles to Franklin. After some skirmishing, Jackson marched back to the Valley on May 12. Frémont's army soon retreated deeper into western Virginia, leaving Jackson free to operate against Banks.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Roads & VehiclesWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is March 23, 1862.
 
Location. 38° 20.111′ N, 79° 29.397′ 

Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
W. Marker is in McDowell, Virginia, in Highland County. Marker is on Virginia Route 645 just north of Highland Turnpike (U.S. 250), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 8883 Highland Turnpike, Mc Dowell VA 24458, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Highway to War (here, next to this marker); Felix Hull House (a few steps from this marker); Battle Of McDowell (approx. 0.2 miles away); McDowell VA - May 8, 1862 (approx. ¼ mile away); Village of McDowell (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named Battle of McDowell (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named The Battle of McDowell (approx. 0.9 miles away); Commemorating The Battle Of McDowell (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in McDowell.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 9, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 9, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 22 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 9, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

Share This Page.  
Share on Tumblr
m=172829

Paid Advertisement
Jun. 19, 2021