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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Nashville in Davidson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Buried City

Prehistory

 
 
Buried City Marker image. Click for full size.
By Darren Jefferson Clay, May 22, 2021
1. Buried City Marker
Inscription.  
Remains of an ancient Native American metropolis lie deep beneath the surface of modern day Nashville. Both here and directly to the east across the Cumberland River once stood a bustling city with thousands of inhabitants. Archaeologists have identified this settlement as part of the network of Mississippian Culture that existed in the region between roughly 800 to 1500 CE. (Common Era).

Mississippian Culture is characterized by intensive agriculture. Communities developed large-scale crop production — mostly beans, corn, and squash — for the purpose of protection and sustainability for an expanding population. They also created a wide-spread manufacturing and exchange of other commodities, especially chert implements and salt. The location of this Mississippian city took advantage of the mineral deposits in the nearby springs for manufacturing salt.

Two of the most prominent features of Mississippian villages were large platform mounds and plazas. Houses, temples, and burial buildings were usually constructed atop the mound. Towns also featured open courtyards surrounded by mounds. The plazas were used for ceremonial and

Buried City Marker image. Click for full size.
By Darren Jefferson Clay, May 22, 2021
2. Buried City Marker
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recreational purposes. Though little is known about the decline of Mississippians in the Nashville area, the remnants of their once vibrant culture still exists on the Middle Tennessee landscape.

[Caption:]
Ancestral Native Americans played Chunkey games in flat fields like the Sulphur Dell. The game was played by rolling disc-shaped stones across the ground and throwing spears at them in an attempt to place the spear as close to the stopped stone as possible. It was played in huge arenas that housed great audiences designed to bring people of the region together.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyNative AmericansSettlements & SettlersSports. A significant historical year for this entry is 800.
 
Location. 36° 10.352′ N, 86° 47.028′ W. Marker is in Nashville, Tennessee, in Davidson County. Marker can be reached from 4th Avenue North 0.1 miles north of Harrison Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 916 4th Ave N, Nashville TN 37219, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Platform Mound (here, next to this marker); Salt Industry (here, next to this marker); Ice Age Elephant (here, next to this marker); Mineral Water (here, next to this marker); End of an Era

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(about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Baseball Returns (about 400 feet away); The Nashville Vols (about 500 feet away); The Negro Leagues (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Nashville.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 27, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 24, 2021, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. This page has been viewed 56 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 24, 2021, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 18, 2021