All segments of American society contributed to the war effort during World War I. Despite racism at home and in the military, more than 350,000 African Americans served in uniform. Black soldiers were segregated into separate units, and and while many were assigned menial support roles, the 92nd and 93rd Divisions saw active combat. The 93rd, fighting with the French army, spent more days in combat than any other American unit. The 92nd joined other American troops in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Despite these heroics, African American veterans faced renewed prejudice and racial violence when they returned home, during the "Red Summer" of 1919 and after.
"All blood runs red."
Eugene Bullard, Lafayette Flying Corps
Approximately 150,000 Latinos also served in the war, facing many of the same issues as African American soldiers.
Women participated in the war effort on a wide scale. More than 200,000 women served in the Army Nurse Corps, 10,000 of them overseas. During the influenza pandemic of 1918-1919, more than 200 nurses died treating sick troops. Four hundred "Hello
At home, women stepped in to keep the economy moving, working in such traditionally male jobs as factory workers, drivers, and technicians. The wartime contributions of women were critical to the war effort, as well as to the post-war success of the campaign for women's voting rights.
Despite not having U.S. citizenship at the time, 6,500 Native Americans were drafted, while another 5,000 volunteered. Cherokee and Choctaw soldiers became the first "code talkers," transmitting military messages in languages the enemy could not decipher.
Nearly 40 percent of U.S. soldiers were immigrants or children of immigrants. Despite concerns about the loyalty of these soldiers, the army moved quickly to integrate them, assigning them multilingual officers and providing classes in English, American history, and civics.
"I fought with Catholics and Protestants, with Jews, Greeks, Italians, Poles, and Irish, as well as American-born boys in the World War. They were buddies of mine and I learned to love them."
Sergeant Alvin York, U.S. Army
Erected 2021 by World War I Centennial Commission, American Battle Monuments Commission.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Native Americans • War, World I • Women. In addition, it is included in the Women's Suffrage series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1919.
Location. 38° 53.763′ N, 77° 1.961′ W. Marker is in Federal Triangle in Washington, District of Columbia. Marker is on Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest just west of 14th Street Northwest, in the median. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1400 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington DC 20004, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. From Homefront to Battlefront (here, next to this marker); Armistice and Legacy (here, next to this marker); A Soldier's Journey (here, next to this marker); The AEF in the Great War, 1917-1918 (here, next to this marker); Beyond the AEF (here, next to this marker); World War I Remembered (here, next to this marker); World War I, 1914-1917 (here, next to this marker); World War I Memorial (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Federal Triangle.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 21, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 18, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 102 times since then and 27 times this year. Last updated on May 28, 2021, by Bruce Guthrie of Silver Spring, Maryland. Photos: 1. submitted on April 18, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. 2. submitted on July 21, 2021, by Ray Gurganus of Washington, District of Columbia. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.