Cumberland in Allegany County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
President Washington's Last Visit - 1794
On October 16, 1794, President George Washington arrived in Cumberland to review about 5,000 troops of the Maryland and Virginia militia gathered here during th Whiskey Rebellion. A few days later, this militia army assembled upon the parade ground of old Fort Cumberland, where the Allegany County Courthouse now stands. The President appeared dressed in his full military uniform, and the entire population of the town was present to witness this historic event. General Washington rode along the line, from right to left, and was loudly cheered by the men. Afterwards the command marched in review, and Washington raised his hat as a salute, while they passed. Generals Henry Lee and Daniel Morgan also were present and participated.
With a new Prime Minister in England, Wm. Pitt, a new effort was launched to conquer Fort Duquesne. General John Forbes was assigned as Commander. Virginia militia was mustered here at Fort Cumberland and commanded by Colonel Washington. His troops joined Forbes at Raystown, (Bedford, Pa), then marched to defeat the French at Ft. Duquesne,
At the age of sixteen, George Washington first visited Allegany County, (then Frederick County), and was a guest of Col. Thomas Cresap, at Oldtown. He had been employed by Col. Wm. Fairfax to survey the valleys of Patterson Creek and the South Branch of the Potomac, part of the vast tract of land of Lord Fairfax was proprietor.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial Era • Forts or Castles • Industry & Commerce • War, French and Indian. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #01 George Washington, and the Whiskey Rebellion series lists.
Location. 39° 39.058′ N, 78° 45.995′ W. Marker is in Cumberland, Maryland, in Allegany County. Marker is at the intersection of Washington Street and Prospect Square, on the left when traveling west on Washington Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Cumberland MD 21502, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Fort Proper (a few steps from this marker); The Parade Ground of Fort Cumberland (a few steps from this marker); Famous Personalities at Fort Cumberland (a few steps from this marker); Gov. Lloyd Lowndes 1845 - 1905 (a few Allegany County Library (within shouting distance of this marker); Cumberland (within shouting distance of this marker); Allegany County (within shouting distance of this marker); Allegany County Academy (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 21, 2019. It was originally submitted on March 29, 2009, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,474 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on March 29, 2009, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.