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Cumberland in Allegany County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

President Washington's Last Visit - 1794

 
 
President Washington's Last Visit - 1794 Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Beverly Pfingsten, March 28, 2009
1. President Washington's Last Visit - 1794 Marker
Inscription.  
Center Plaque

On October 16, 1794, President George Washington arrived in Cumberland to review about 5,000 troops of the Maryland and Virginia militia gathered here during th Whiskey Rebellion. A few days later, this militia army assembled upon the parade ground of old Fort Cumberland, where the Allegany County Courthouse now stands. The President appeared dressed in his full military uniform, and the entire population of the town was present to witness this historic event. General Washington rode along the line, from right to left, and was loudly cheered by the men. Afterwards the command marched in review, and Washington raised his hat as a salute, while they passed. Generals Henry Lee and Daniel Morgan also were present and participated.

1748 Plaque

At the age of sixteen, George Washington first visited Allegany County, (then Frederick County), and was a guest of Col. Thomas Cresap, at Oldtown. He had been employed by Col. Wm. Fairfax to survey the valleys of Patterson Creek and the South Branch of the Potomac, part of the vast tract of land of Lord Fairfax was proprietor.

1753
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Plaque

In order to settle a territory dispute between England and France over land in Maryland, Virginia, and Pennsylvania, Virginia governor Dinwiddie ordered Major Washington to Wills Creek (Cumberland), then on to Fort Leboef (near Erie, Pa.) to deliver an order of withdrawal of the French from English-claimed territory. The French refused to leave, asserting possession by prior claim.

1754 Plaque

Washington, now a Lt. Colonel, was ordered to lead a company of Virginia militia to the Forks of the Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers to build and defend a fort. News of the takeover of the site by the French compelled Washington to convene a War Council at Wills Creek. It was decided to lead his company on, finally engaging the French at Fort Necessity. A superior French army defeated the Virginia militia, allowing survivors to return East.

1755 Plaque

Responding to the refusal to accept the British claim, English Gen. Edward Braddock was ordered to America. Washington was assigned to his staff. The British expeditionary force assembled on this site. French defenders at Ft. Duquesne (Pittsburgh) prepared an ambush which succeeded in defeating the British force. Braddock was mortally wounded. The survivors were led back to Ft. Cumberland by George Washington.


1758 Plaque

With
1748 Plaque image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Wintermantel, December 20, 2022
2. 1748 Plaque
a new Prime Minister in England, Wm. Pitt, a new effort was launched to conquer Fort Duquesne. General John Forbes was assigned as Commander. Virginia militia was mustered here at Fort Cumberland and commanded by Colonel Washington. His troops joined Forbes at Raystown, (Bedford, Pa), then marched to defeat the French at Ft. Duquesne, which was renamed Ft. Pitt.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial EraForts and CastlesIndustry & CommerceWar, French and Indian. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #01 George Washington, and the Whiskey Rebellion series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is October 1849.
 
Location. 39° 39.058′ N, 78° 45.995′ W. Marker is in Cumberland, Maryland, in Allegany County. Marker is at the intersection of Washington Street and Prospect Square, on the left when traveling west on Washington Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Cumberland MD 21502, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Fort Proper (a few steps from this marker); The Parade Ground of Fort Cumberland (a few steps from this marker); Famous Personalities at Fort Cumberland (a few steps from this marker); Gov. Lloyd Lowndes 1845 - 1905 (a few steps from this marker); Allegany County Library
1753 Plaque image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Wintermantel, December 20, 2022
3. 1753 Plaque
(within shouting distance of this marker); Cumberland (within shouting distance of this marker); Allegany County (within shouting distance of this marker); Allegany County Academy (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland.
 
1754 Plaque image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Wintermantel, December 20, 2022
4. 1754 Plaque
1755 Plaque image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Wintermantel, December 20, 2022
5. 1755 Plaque
1758 Plaque image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Beverly Pfingsten, March 28, 2009
6. 1758 Plaque
President Washington's Last Visit - 1794 image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Wintermantel, December 20, 2022
7. President Washington's Last Visit - 1794
George Washington Statue image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mike Wintermantel, December 20, 2022
8. George Washington Statue
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 7, 2023. It was originally submitted on March 29, 2009, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,729 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on March 29, 2009, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.   2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 21, 2022, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.   6. submitted on March 29, 2009, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.   7, 8. submitted on December 21, 2022, by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Feb. 25, 2024