Newark in Licking County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Ancient Architecture Now Lost
The two earthen walls before you are remnants of one of the wonders of the ancient world. They were part of the Newark Earthworks, the largest set of geometric enclosures ever built. Much like a modern cathedral or county fairground, they were a focal point for the social and religious activities of the Hopewell people about 2000 years ago.
The southern wall was part of a square earthwork enclosing 20 acres. You are standing at a point that would have been inside the square enclosure near the northern corner.
The northern wall is part of a set of parallel embankments that originally formed a network of ceremonial roads connecting the various enclosures that made up Newark Earthworks. This wall formed part of a grand avenue leading to an oval enclosure surrounding about twelve burial mounds. Other sets of walls led from the square to the Great Circle Earthworks and the Octagon Earthworks.
Farming, digging the Ohio Canal, and building the streets and houses of the City of Newark destroyed much of the ancient earthen geometry. Mrs. Frances Rees Wright donated these remnants
Look at the map and try to imagine what this place would have looked like before so much of this monumental architecture was lost.
For a better understanding of this site visit the museum at the Great Circle Earthworks.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Man-Made Features • Native Americans. A significant historical year for this entry is 2000.
Location. 40° 2.887′ N, 82° 25.412′ W. Marker is in Newark, Ohio, in Licking County. Marker is at the intersection of James Street and Modern Way, on the right when traveling north on James Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Newark OH 43055, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Great Circle Earthworks (approx. 0.4 miles away); Pathway to Ancestors (approx. half a mile away); The Newark Earthworks (approx. half a mile away); Pathway to Preservation (approx. half a mile away); Earthen Architecture (approx. half a mile away); Was this a fort? (approx. half a mile away); Monumental Works of Earth (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named Great Circle Earthworks (approx. half a mile away).
Also see . . .
1. Wright Earthworks. Ohio History Central website entry (Submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.)
2. Newark Earthworks. Wikipedia entry (Submitted on July 8, 2022, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.)
Credits. This page was last revised on July 8, 2022. It was originally submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,471 times since then and 242 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.