Lynching of Howard Cooper / Lynching in America
Lynching of Howard Cooper. On July 13, 1885, a white mob lynched Howard Cooper, a 15-year old Black child, here at the former Baltimore County Jail. Months earlier, Howard was accused of the assault and rape of a white woman near Rockland, and fled. During this era, accusation of Black-on-white rape or assault required no credible support, and Black people were often lynched for things they did not do. Howard was caught on the Edward Rider farm and transferred to Baltimore City, as angry white men threatened his life. In May, an all-white jury found Howard guilty of assault and rape, even though the victim did not testify she was raped. The jury never left the courtroom, reaching its verdict in less than a minute. The rape conviction triggered the death penalty. Howard was transferred back to Towson as his attorneys appealed his conviction to the state's highest court. That appeal was denied. Rev. Harvey Johnson of Union Baptist Church led a campaign to fund an appeal to the US Supreme Court, but in July a white mob unlawfully stormed the jail, dragged the 15-year old from his cell and hanged him from a nearby sycamore tree. Howard's
Lynching in America. At least 6,500 Black people were the victims of racial terror lynching in the United States between 1865 and 1950. After the Civil War, violent resistance to equal rights for African Americans and an ideology of white supremacy led to fatal violence against Black women, men, and children who were frequently falsely accused of violating social norms or crimes. Though Maryland had not joined the Confederacy, in 1860 more than 87,000 Black people were enslaved in the state where slavery remained legal. The Emancipation Proclamation did not authorize freedom for enslaved Black people in states outside the Confederacy, like Maryland. Resistance to emancipation by white enslavers in these states was often strong as they believed they should be rewarded for not joining the South's rebellion. Racial violence and lynching emerged post-emancipation as a form of terrorism intended to intimidate Black people and reinforce racial hierarchy and segregation. Burdened by presumptions of guilt and menace, thousands of Black people were lynched for resisting
Erected 2021 by Maryland Lynching Memorial Project, Equal Justice Initiative.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Civil Rights • Law Enforcement • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Lynching in America series list. A significant historical date for this entry is July 13, 1885.
Location. 39° 23.885′ N, 76° 36.48′ W. Marker is in Towson, Maryland, in Baltimore County. Marker is at the intersection of Courthouse Court and Bosley Avenue (Maryland Route 45), on the left when traveling south on Courthouse Court. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 200 Courthouse Court, Towson MD 21204, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Baltimore County Courthouse (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Abisado (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hometown Hero (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Baltimore County Courthouse (approx. 0.2 miles away); Vietnam Veterans Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); Tigers for Service (approx. 0.3 miles away); World War I Memorial (approx. 0.4 miles away); Epsom Chapel (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Towson.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 7, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 7, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 43 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 7, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.