Newark in Licking County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
These walls were once the center of an ancient civilization. The Octagon Earthworks, like a modern cathedral or county fairgrounds, were a focal point for the social and religious activities of the Hopewell people about 2000 years ago.
Octagon Earthworks are a major part of the Newark Earthworks - the largest set of geometric earthen enclosures ever built.
Octagon Earthworks include a nearly perfect circle 1,050 feet in diameter, and an octagon more than 1,500 feet across.
Octagon Earthworks may have been built as an astronomical observatory. Many of the walls and gateways are aligned to points on the horizon marking the key moonrises and moonsets in a complicated 18.6 year lunar cycle.
How Octagon Earthworks Came to be Preserved
The earthworks were preserved and partially restored by the Ohio State Militia (now the National Guard) beginning in 1892. The site served as their permanent encampment, Camp McKinley, until 1908. In 1910, the Newark Board of Trade began leasing the site to Moundbuilders Country Club for use as a golf course. According
For a better understanding of this site visit the museum at the Great Circle Earthworks.
Timeline of Ohio's prehistoric cultures highlighting the Hopewell culture.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Air & Space • Anthropology & Archaeology • Man-Made Features • Native Americans. A significant historical year for this entry is 2000.
Location. This marker has been replaced by another marker nearby. 40° 3.159′ N, 82° 26.765′ W. Marker is in Newark, Ohio, in Licking County. Marker can be reached from Parkview Road. Marker is near the parking lot adjacent to Moundbuilders County Club. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Newark OH 43055, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this location, measured as the crow flies. The Circle (within shouting distance of this marker); The Builders (within shouting distance of this marker); The Octagon (within shouting distance of this marker); History of the Site (within shouting distance of this marker); The Newark Earthworks (within shouting distance of this marker); The Observatory Mound (approx. 0.2 miles away); Earthen Architecture (approx. 1.1 miles away); Great Circle Earthworks (approx. 1.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Newark.
More about this marker. The original marker, which was photographed in this post in March of 2009, seems to have been replaced with the one photographed in June of 2022. The replaced marker is identical to the original marker, and is complete and undamaged.
Also see . . .
1. Octagon Earthworks - Ohio History Central. (Submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.)
2. Moundbuilders Country Club. The club utilizes the mounds as part of their golf course. (Submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2022. It was originally submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio. This page has been viewed 980 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 31, 2009, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.