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Aztalan in Jefferson County, Wisconsin — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Stone Tools

Aztalan National Historic Landmark

 
 
Stone Tools Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devon Polzar, 2021
1. Stone Tools Marker
Inscription.  Tools made of stone, as well as the by-products of making stone tools, are the longest lasting and most common artifact types archaeologists encounter. Tool production was a specialized craft by this time and Mississippian stoneworkers created utilitarian and ritual artifacts characterized by extraordinary craftsmanship and consistency of form.

Stone tools such as drills, knives, arrow, and spear points were made by chipping fine-grained chert and other rock. Stone pipes, grooved and ungrooved axes (celts), gaming pieces and pendants were made by pecking, grinding, drilling, and polishing raw stone.

The people of Aztalan used local stone to produce many items, but some tools such as hoe blades were made from cherts only available in southern Illinois. These tools may have been acquired by trade or brought to the site by Aztalan's Mississippian immigrants.

Photo caption (left): Mississippian type arrow points recovered from Aztalan (top and bottom) and drill tips (middle); not to scale

Photo caption (right): Celts and Mill Creek chert hoe (bottom); not to scale
 
Topics. This historical marker
Stone Tools Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devon Polzar, 2021
2. Stone Tools Marker
Click or scan to see
this page online
is listed in this topic list: Native Americans.
 
Location. 43° 4.038′ N, 88° 51.68′ W. Marker is in Aztalan, Wisconsin, in Jefferson County. Marker can be reached from County Road Q. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: N6200 County Road Q, Jefferson WI 53549, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Other Artifacts (within shouting distance of this marker); Prehistoric Pottery (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Leisure Activities (about 500 feet away); Agriculture and Gathering (about 600 feet away); Aztalan (about 700 feet away); Appearance and Manner of Dress (about 700 feet away); The Cahokia Connection (about 700 feet away); Welcome to Aztalan National Historic Landmark (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Aztalan.
 
More about this marker. Marker is along the main trail that runs through Aztalan State Park. The marker is just south of the Northwest Mound.
 
Stone Tools Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devon Polzar, 2021
3. Stone Tools Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 10, 2021. It was originally submitted on July 7, 2021, by Devon Polzar of Port Washington, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 62 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 7, 2021, by Devon Polzar of Port Washington, Wisconsin. • Mark Hilton was the editor who published this page.

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Dec. 4, 2022