“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Aztalan in Jefferson County, Wisconsin — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

Other Artifacts

Aztalan National Historic Landmark

Other Artifacts Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devon Polzar, 2021
1. Other Artifacts Marker
Inscription.  While pottery and stone tools are the most common and durable artifacts found at Aztalan, other items were crafted of animal bone, shell, and copper. Shell was fashioned into spoons, pendants, and beads, and native copper was used to make fishhooks, beads, and earspool coverings.

Hollow and light weight bird bones were made into flutes and used for ornamentation. Harder and more solid deer bone was worked to create awls, bone needles, and other tools. Fibers from tree bark and other plants were used to make clothing, bags, netting and other items.

Plant materials were also mixed as a binder with clay and used like plaster to coat the outside of houses and stockade walls. When the structures burned, the fire would bake the plaster into a hard, brick-like material. Visitors to the site in the mid-1800s misidentified the baked blaster as mud bricks. Today this material is known to archaeologists as "Aztalan brick".

Photo caption: Bone awls and copper pendant "maskettes" (above), shell beads (top right), and ear spools (lower right); not to scale.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Native Americans
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Location. 43° 4.012′ N, 88° 51.691′ W. Marker is in Aztalan, Wisconsin, in Jefferson County. Marker can be reached from County Road Q. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: N6200 County Road Q, Jefferson WI 53549, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Prehistoric Pottery (within shouting distance of this marker); Stone Tools (within shouting distance of this marker); Leisure Activities (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Appearance and Manner of Dress (about 500 feet away); Agriculture and Gathering (about 600 feet away); Social Organization (about 600 feet away); House Structures (about 700 feet away); Aztalan (about 800 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Aztalan.
More about this marker. Marker is along the main trail that runs through Aztalan State Park. The marker is along the western trail section between the Northwest Mound and the Southwest Mound.
Other Artifacts Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devon Polzar, 2021
2. Other Artifacts Marker
Credits. This page was last revised on July 10, 2021. It was originally submitted on July 7, 2021, by Devon Polzar of Port Washington, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 85 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 7, 2021, by Devon Polzar of Port Washington, Wisconsin. • Mark Hilton was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 6, 2023