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Near Dinwiddie in Dinwiddie County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Siege of Petersburg

Petersburg National Battlefield Park

— National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —

 
 
The Siege of Petersburg Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), August 21, 2021
1. The Siege of Petersburg Marker
Inscription.  
"I would not believe before I came here that man was capable of enduring so much."
— Leverette Bradley, 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery

If Petersburg fell, the Confederate capital at Richmond would fall too. Union General Grant knew it. Confederate General Lee knew it. For nine and a half months from 1864-1865 Union and Confederate armies waged a brutal campaign here that left the Confederacy on the verge of total defeat.

At Petersburg, the war in Virginia transformed from a whirlwind succession of marches and battles into a methodological struggle of endurance and hardship.

Touring the Battlefield
Petersburg National Battlefield includes four major historic areas. A driving tour links the Eastern Front and Western Front Units with the Five Forks Battlefield.

Grant's Headquarters at City Point is located about eight miles northeast of Petersburg in the city of Hopewell. You can start your visit in the visitor center, where brochures and additional tour information are available.

🔵 The Eastern Front sites
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span the entire siege, including the opening assaults in June 1864, the spectacular blast at the "Crater" in July, and Lee's last offensive, at Fort Stedman, in March 1865.

🔴 The Western Front links fortifications and battle sites related to the Union's efforts to cut Petersburg's supply lines — efforts that ultimately stretched the Confederate defense lines to their breaking point. Poplar Grove National Cemetery is located here as well.

🟢 At Five Forks Battlefield, on April 1, 1865, the Union army defeated and captured nearly one-fifth of Lee's entire force. Petersburg and Richmond fell two days later.

⚫ During the siege, City Point was one of the busiest ports in America. From his headquarters there, Grant directed the movement of Union armies throughout the South.

[Captions:]
Converging rail lines made Petersburg the southern gateway to Richmond.

By the end of the siege more than 100 miles of earthworks scarred the landscape around Petersburg.

Petersburg Time Line
9 months and 18 days

June 1864:
Union attack on Dimmock Line
Federals sever Jerusalem Plank Road

July 1864:
Battle of the Crater

August 1864:
City Point wharf explosion
Federals sever
The Siege of Petersburg Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), August 21, 2021
2. The Siege of Petersburg Marker
the Weldon Railroad

September 1864:
Battle of Peebles's Farm

October 1864:
Battle of Boydton Plank Road

February 1865:
Battle of Hatcher's Run

March 1865:
Confederate attack on Fort Stedman fails

April 1865:
Battle of Five Forks
Confederates evacuate Petersburg

 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and CastlesRailroads & StreetcarsWar, US CivilWaterways & Vessels. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #18 Ulysses S. Grant series list. A significant historical month for this entry is February 1865.
 
Location. 37° 8.109′ N, 77° 37.179′ W. Marker is near Dinwiddie, Virginia, in Dinwiddie County. Marker is on Courthouse Road (Virginia Route 627) 0.6 miles south of White Oak Road (Virginia Route 613), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 9840 Courthouse Rd, Dinwiddie VA 23841, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Siege of Petersburg — The Linchpin is Pulled (here, next to this marker); "Advanced…repulsed…charged again…" (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); "I was exceeding anxious to attack at once…"
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(approx. 0.2 miles away); Five Forks Battlefield (approx. 0.3 miles away); Battle of Five Forks (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Five Forks (approx. 0.3 miles away); "Hold Five Forks at all hazards…" (approx. 0.4 miles away); Death of Pegram (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Dinwiddie.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 22, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 22, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 149 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 22, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

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Apr. 24, 2024