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Gallatin in Sumner County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Civil War in Sumner County

Living in Desperate Times

 
 
Civil War in Sumner County Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Darren Jefferson Clay, August 21, 2021
1. Civil War in Sumner County Marker
Inscription.  Bledsoe Creek State Park borders historic early settlements and houses including Bledsoe's Lick, Cragfont, Wynnewood, and the Avery Trace in what had been an Indian hunting ground. During the Civil War, this prosperous river and railroad hub suffered under military occupation.

Sumner County residents were initially divided over secession, but after the bombardment of Fort Sumter in 1861 and President Abraham Lincoln's call for volunteers, the county voted overwhelmingly to secede. More than 3,000 local men enlisted and trained at Camp Trousdale near Portland.

After the fall of Fort Donelson early in 1862, Federal forces occupied the county seat, Gallatin, to control the county's transportation routes. Confederate Gen. John Hunt Morgan's cavalry raided and disrupted supply lines along the Nashville & Louisville Railroad. Although Morgan destroyed the Gallatin train depot and bridges and forced a Federal withdrawal, Union Gen. Eleazar A. Paine retook Gallatin in November. It remained under Federal occupation for the rest of the war.

Union and Confederate foragers decimated local farms, scarring the countryside
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and terrorizing citizens. Federal troops occupied the house and grounds at Cragfont, a nearby plantation, and established a camp and earthworks near Wynnewood, a vast log dwelling built as a stagecoach stop and inn.

After the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, Gallatin became a recruitment center for contraband (escaped slaves) who joined the newly formed 13th and 14th U.S. Colored Troops regiments. Former slaves, after the war, established communities including Village Green and Free Hill. In the unincorporated Cairo community, the Rosenwald School served African American children for more than 35 years.

(captions)
Cragfont, ca. 1970 photograph Courtesy Library of Congress
Gallatin, 1862 - Courtesy Tennessee State Library & Archives
Gen. John Hunt Morgan Courtesy Library of Congress
Wynnewood Courtesy Tennessee State Library & Archives

 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansParks & Recreational AreasWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 36° 22.698′ N, 86° 21.637′ W. Marker
Civil War in Sumner County Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Darren Jefferson Clay, August 21, 2021
2. Civil War in Sumner County Marker
is in Gallatin, Tennessee, in Sumner County. Marker can be reached from Bledsoe Park Road, 0.2 miles east of Zieglers Fort Road, on the right when traveling east. Located in Bledsoe Creek State Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 400 Zieglers Fort Rd, Gallatin TN 37066, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Cairo Rosenwald School (approx. 1.1 miles away); Town of Cairo (approx. 1.1 miles away); James B. Jameson House (approx. 1.6 miles away); Cragfont (approx. 1.7 miles away); a different marker also named Cragfont (approx. 2.1 miles away); a different marker also named Cragfont (approx. 2.1 miles away); Abraham “Abram” Bledsoe (approx. 2.6 miles away); Bledsoe's Fort Historical Park (approx. 2.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gallatin.
 
Also see . . .  Bledsoe Creek State Park. Tennessee State Parks (Submitted on August 24, 2021.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 24, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 23, 2021, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. This page has been viewed 1,031 times since then and 293 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 23, 2021, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Jul. 24, 2024