“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Fairfax in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Who Fought Here: The Generals

★ The Battle of Ox Hill ★

Who Fought Here: The Generals Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), September 19, 2021
1. Who Fought Here: The Generals Marker
Brig. Gen. Isaac I. Stevens, USA:
• Born North Andover, Massachusetts, 1818 • West Point 1839 • Corps of Engineers
• Mexican War, wounded, 1847 • Post war, US Coast Survey • Resigned US Army, 1853
• Appointed first governor of Washington Territory by President Franklin Pierce, 1853
• Director, Northern Pacific Railroad survey, 1853
• US Commissioner for Indian Treaties, 1853-56
• Washington congressional delegate, 1856-60 • Colonel, 79th New York Volunteers, 1861
•Brigadier general, Port Royal expedition, South Carolina coast, 1861-62
• Commanded 1st Division, IX Corps at Second Manassas, 1862
• Killed at Chantilly (Ox Hill), 1862
• Buried, Newport, Rhode Island
Life of General Isaac I. Stevens, Hazard Stevens, 1900

Brig. Gen. Alexander R. Lawton, CSA:
• Born Beaufort District, South Carolina, 1818 • West Point 1839 • Resigned US Army, 1841
• Graduated Harvard Law School, 1842 • Practiced law at Savannah, Georgia
• President, Augusta & Savannah Railroad • Served in both houses of Georgia legislature
• At outbreak of Civil War, seized Fort Pulaski
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on the Georgia coast for the Confederacy
• Appointed brigadier general, Confederate Army, 1861
• Commanded Georgia brigade in the Seven Days Battles and at Second Manassas, 1862
• Commanded division at Ox Hill, 1862 • Badly wounded at Sharpsburg (Antietam), 1862
• Commanded Quartermaster General’s department, 1863, until end of war
• Returned to Savannah and law practice • Member, Georgia legislature, 1870-75
• Led Georgia delegation to Democratic National Convention, 1880 and 1884
• Appointed Minister to Austria by President Grover Cleveland, 1887
• Died 1896, buried in Savannah, Georgia
Generals in Gray, Ezra J. Warner, 1964

Maj. Gen. Philip Kearny, USA:
• Born into wealth and status, New York City, 1815 • Law degree, Columbia College, 1833
• Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, 1st Dragoons, US Army, 1836
• Attended French Cavalry School at Saumur, 1839 • Fought with Chasseur’s d’Afrique, Algeria, 1840
• Resigned US Army, 1846, but returned to fight in Mexico, 1847
• Lost left arm at Battle of Churubusco, 1847 • Brevetted major for gallantry
• Duty in California, 1851 • Resigned US Army 1851, traveled the world, lived in Paris
• Served in the Army of France, an ally of Italy in its war with Austria, 1859
• Fought at Magenta and Solferino, Italy, 1859
• Received France’s highest decoration,
Who Fought Here: The Generals Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), September 19, 2021
2. Who Fought Here: The Generals Marker
The Cross of the Legion of Honor, 1860
• Brigadier general, New Jersey Brigade, Army of the Potomac, 1861
• Commanded 1st Division, III Corps in the Peninsula Campaign, 1862
• Major general at Second Manassas, 1862 • Killed at Chantilly (Ox Hill), 1862
• Buried in New York City, re-interred at Arlington National Cemetery, 1912
The Civil War Letters of General Philip Kearny, William B. Styple, 1988

Maj. Gen. Ambrose Powell (A.P.) Hill, CSA:
• Born Culpeper, Virginia, 1825 • West Point, 1847 • Served in Mexico, 1847
• Resigned US Army and entered Confederate service as colonel, 13th Virginia Infantry, 1861
• Major general, Seven Days Battles before Richmond, 1862
• Commanded “Light” division under Stonewall Jackson at Cedar Mountain and Second Manassas, 1862
• At Ox Hill, held Confederate right flank, 1862
• Timely arrival at Sharpsburg (Antietam) repelled Burnside’s attack and saved Lee’s army, 1862
• Fought at Fredericksburg, 1862 • Wounded at Chancellorsville, 1863
• As lieutenant general, led Confederate Third Corps at Gettysburg, 1863
• At Bristoe Station, impetuous assault cost his corps thirteen hundred casualties, 1863
• Fought in Wilderness Campaign, 1864, and at Petersburg, 1864-65
• Killed at Petersburg, 1865 • Buried in Richmond, Virginia
Generals in Gray, Ezra
Civil War Sites in Fairfax County and Nearby Region Panel image. Click for full size.
September 1, 2008
3. Civil War Sites in Fairfax County and Nearby Region Panel
87 red stars indicate Civil War sites.
J. Warner, 1964

Erected by Fairfax County Park Authority.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #14 Franklin Pierce, and the Former U.S. Presidents: #22 and #24 Grover Cleveland series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1818.
Location. 38° 51.864′ N, 77° 22.191′ W. Marker is near Fairfax, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker can be reached from West Ox Road (Virginia Route 608) 0.1 miles south of Monument Drive, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4140 West Ox Rd, Fairfax VA 22033, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. La Batalla de Ox Hill (Chantilly) (here, next to this marker); Where the Battle was Fought (here, next to this marker); Wounds Suffered at Ox Hill (Chantilly) (here, next to this marker); Sequel to Second Manassas (here, next to this marker); The Wounded Left Behind (here, next to this marker); Ox Hill Battlefield Park & Interpretive Trail (here, next to this marker); Aftermath: The Invasion of Maryland (a few steps from this marker); General Reno's Probe East of Ox Road (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fairfax.
Credits. This page was last revised on September 20, 2021. It was originally submitted on September 20, 2021. This page has been viewed 120 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 20, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.   3. submitted on January 24, 2009. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 9, 2023