Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Segregation / Civil Rights
By the early twentieth century, segregation was further written into the state constitution and law. Courts typically upheld discriminatory business practices. Together, laws and social norms created a system of second-class citizenship for blacks known as “Jim Crow."
African Americans built their own businesses, churches, and fraternal organizations. But in aspects of life that depended on government services, such as education, voting, and the judicial systems, discrimination was a daily reality.
"It shall be unlawful for a Negro and a white person to play together in any game of cards, dice, dominoes, checkers, baseball, softball, football, basketball or similar games." Birmingham City Ordinance, 1950
Activists confronted massive resistance by state and local government, the Ku Klux Klan, and the Citizens Council a mainstream organization with white businessmen and politicians in its ranks. Violence was rampant and sometimes deadly, but it brought national attention and sped federal action to guarantee civil and voting rights.
On March 7, 1965, a coalition of local and national groups began a march from Selma to Montgomery to protest police violence against voting rights activists. At the foot of the Edmund Pettus Bridge, state and local law enforcement brutally attacked the unarmed marchers Bloody Sunday shocked the nation and drew thousands more activists to Alabama.
Erected 2019 by the Alabama Bicentennial Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Civil Rights. A significant historical date for this entry is March 7, 1965.
Location. 32° Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 500 Dexter Ave, Montgomery AL 36130, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. World War II / Defense Economy (here, next to this marker); Made in Alabama / Space Race (a few steps from this marker); Globalization / 21st Century Economy (a few steps from this marker); Great Depression / New Deal (a few steps from this marker); Rural Life / Agricultural Economy (within shouting distance of this marker); Alabama's Third Century / Alabama Voices (within shouting distance of this marker); Professor John Metcalfe Starke / Starke University School (within shouting distance of this marker); Populism / 1901 Constitution (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Montgomery.
Credits. This page was last revised on September 27, 2021. It was originally submitted on September 27, 2021, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 133 times since then and 72 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 27, 2021, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.