Santa Fe in Santa Fe County, New Mexico — The American Mountains (Southwest)
A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead
An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union troops. This propelled the creation of a national cemetery system.
On September 11, 1861, the War Department directed commanding officers to keep "accurate and permanent records of deceased soldiers.” It also required the U.S. Army Quartermaster General, the office responsible for administering to the needs of troops in life and in death, to mark each grave with a headboard. A few months later, the department mandated interment of the dead in graves marked with numbered headboards, recorded in a register.
Creating National Cemeteries
The authority to create military burial grounds came in an Omnibus Act of July 17, 1862. It directed the president to purchase land to be used as "a national cemetery for the soldiers who shall die in the service of the country.” Fourteen national cemeteries were established by 1862.
When hostilities ended,
Most cemeteries were less than 10 acres, and layouts varied. In the Act to Establish and to Protect National Cemeteries of February 22, 1867, Congress funded new permanent walls or fences, grave markers, and lodges for cemetery superintendents.
At first only soldiers and sailors who died during the Civil War were buried in national cemeteries. In 1873, eligibility was expanded to all honorably discharged Union veterans, and Congress appropriated $1 million to mark the graves. Upright marble headstones honor individuals whose names were known; 6-inch-square mark unknowns.
By 1873, military post cemeteries on the Western frontier joined the national cemetery system. The National Cemeteries Act of 1973 transferred 82 Army cemeteries, including 12 of the original 14, to what is now the National Cemetery Administration.
Reflection and Memorialization
The country reflected upon the Civil War's human
Erected by U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial Sites • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the National Cemeteries series list. A significant historical date for this entry is February 22, 1867.
Location. 35° 41.772′ N, 105° 56.974′ W. Marker is in Santa Fe, New Mexico, in Santa Fe County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of North Guadalupe Street and Alamo Drive. Marker is located at Santa Fe National Cemetery. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 501 N Guadalupe St, Santa Fe NM 87501, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. China-Burma-India Veterans Memorial (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Glider Pilots Memorial (about 700 feet away); Navy Women Memorial (about 700 feet away); In Honor of Those Who Gave the Ultimate Sacrifice (approx. 0.2 miles away); Santa Fe National Cemetery (approx. 0.2 miles away); In Honor of the Navajo Code Talkers (approx. 0.4 miles away); Vietnam War Memorial (approx. 0.4 miles away); Cross of the Martyrs (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Santa Fe.
Also see . . .
1. Santa Fe National Cemetery on Wikipedia. (Submitted on October 27, 2021, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.)
2. Santa Fe National Cemetery (VA). (Submitted on October 27, 2021, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.)
Credits. This page was last revised on October 27, 2021. It was originally submitted on October 27, 2021, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. This page has been viewed 79 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 27, 2021, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.