Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The First Battle Of Kernstown
In the excitement of battle I could aim at them only forty or fifty yards from me, as coolly as I ever did at a squirrel. But now it seems very much like murder. They would throw up their hands and fall every time we would get a fair shot at them, and we would laugh at their motions and make jest at their misfortune. I don't nor can't imagine now how we could do it. The fact is, in battle a man becomes a sinner and delights at the work of death. And if his best friend falls at his side he heeds it not, but presses on eager to engage in the wholesale murder.
John G. Marsh, 29th Ohio Regiment, to his father, April 10, 1862, in C. Cavins Smithy, ed., "The Duties of Home and War: The Civil War Letters of John G. Marsh, 19th Ohio Volunteers (A Selection),” Upper Ohio Valley Historical Review (1979), VIII(2):10.
On March 23, 1862, the opening conflict of the Valley Campaign of the Civil War began on the adjoining Glass and Pritchard farms. You are visiting the Glass Farm called Rose Hill. The neighboring Pritchard Farm is 1 1/2 miles southeast of where you are standing.
For the South
General Thomas J. "Stonewall” Jackson commanded the Confederate troops during the First Battle of Kernstown, the opening battle of his Shenandoah Valley Campaign, and his only tactical defeat.
Brigadier General Richard B. Garnett was Jackson’s second in command. In desperation, Garnett ordered his soldiers to withdraw from the battle without Stonewall Jackson’s permission.
For the North
Colonel Nathan Kimball commanded the Union troops during the First Battle of Kernstown with an infantry division twice the size of the Southern forces.
Colonel Erastus B. Tyler commanded the Union infantry in Winchester and was dispatched to the battle by Colonel Nathan Kimball to capture enemy artillery.
The walking trail includes interpretive signs about the Rose Hill portion of the First Battle of Kernstown. From here to the stone wall is .3 miles. The trail forms an additional loop of 1.1 miles.
The trail surface is compacted stone. Please be prepared for hills and wildlife. Trail grade to the stone wall may reach up to 8%. Areas of the loop remainder may exceed 8% for short distances.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is March 23, 1862.
Location. 39° 9.195′ N, 78° 13.189′ W. Marker is near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from Jones Road (Virginia Route 621) 0.1 miles south of Cedar Creek Grade (Virginia Route 622), on the right when traveling north. Marker is at the beginning of the walking trail off the parking lot at the entrance to Rose Hill Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1871 Jones Road, Winchester VA 22602, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rose Hill (here, next to this marker); War In The Backyard (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); How To See the Battlefield (about 600 feet away); Fight for the High Ground (about 700 feet away); Northern Victory, Southern Defeat (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Defense of the Stone Wall (approx. ¼ mile away); The Order for Retreat (approx. ¼ mile away); The Advance of Tyler’s Brigade (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
Also see . . . Rose Hill Park. Museum of the Shenandoah Valley (Submitted on April 7, 2021.)
Credits. This page was last revised on November 1, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 5, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. This page has been viewed 193 times since then and 47 times this year. Last updated on November 1, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos: 1. submitted on April 5, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. 2. submitted on October 22, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. 3. submitted on April 5, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.