Bristol in Bristol County, Rhode Island — The American Northeast (New England)
Early Bristol 17th Century Beginnings
In January 1680, following King Philip’s War, Plymouth Colony sold the area “known by the name of Mount Hope Neck and Poppasquash Neck”, which was part of Sowams, the ancestral home of the Pokanoket Tribe. Following the sale, four wealthy Boston merchants, Nathaniel Byfield, Stephen Burton, Nathaniel Oliver, and John Walley, became known as the proprietors of the Town of Bristol. Plymouth divided the proceeds from this sale among its other towns to pay their war debts.
Deacon Nathaniel Bosworth constructed the first house in the town in 1680-81 using material shipped over from England. John Walley was authorized to build a cart bridge over Silver Creek, and Reverend Benjamin Woodbridge was brought to Bristol to preach the Gospel.
Religious services for members of the First Congregational Church were held in the Bosworth house shortly after it was built. The Bosworth House was built as a typical two-room-plan, two-story house; today, the oldest portion consists of a single room on each of two floors. The property remained in the Bosworth family until 1957.
The town meeting on October 24, 1683, designated
Sufficient money was not allotted for finishing the interior of the meetinghouse, so individual congregants were permitted to construct their own pew boxes on the floor of the church at their own expense. Reverend Samuel Lee, D.D., a graduate of Oxford University and a long dissenting minister in England, was called to be the Church’s first “settled” minister in 1687.
Erected 2021 by Roger Williams University; Discover Newport, Rhode Island; First Congregational Church.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Architecture • Churches & Religion • Colonial Era • Native Americans. A significant historical year for this entry is 1680.
Location. 41° 40.314′ N, 71° 16.45′ W. Marker is in Bristol, Rhode Island, in Bristol County. Marker is on High Street just north of Congregational Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 282 High St, Bristol RI 02809, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Bristol Civil War Monument (approx. 0.2 miles away); Mount Hope (approx. 0.9 miles away); In the Miery Swamp (approx. 1½ miles away); Washington Crossed Here (approx. 1.9 miles away); Bridge Construction (approx. 1.9 miles away); An Artistic Bridge (approx. 1.9 miles away); Mount Hope Bridge (approx. 1.9 miles away); W 3 R (approx. 2.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bristol.
Regarding Early Bristol 17th Century Beginnings. The marker details the 17th century beginnings of the Town of Bristol on land taken from the Pokanoket Tribe in 1680.
I took all of the photos. The other graphics are in the public domain. You can see a wide shot of the location at http://drweed.net/EarlyBristolC.jpg
— Submitted December 17, 2021, by David Weed of Warren, Rhode Island.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 23, 2021. It was originally submitted on November 18, 2021, by David Weed of Warren, Rhode Island. This page has been viewed 150 times since then and 81 times this year. Photo 1. submitted on November 18, 2021, by David Weed of Warren, Rhode Island. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.
Editor’s want-list for this marker. A wide shot of the marker in context. • A better photo of the marker. • Can you help?