Franklin in Williamson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Caring for the Wounded
Preface:In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood led the Army of Tennessee northwest against Sherman's supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman's "March to the Sea," Hood moved north into Tennessee. Gen. John M. Schofield, detached from Sherman's army, delayed Hood at Columbia and Spring Hill before falling back to Franklin. the bloodbath here on November 30 crippled the confederates, but they followed Schofield to the outskirts of Nashville and Union Gen. George H Thomas's strong defenses. Hood's campaign ended when Thomas crushed his army on December 15-16.
The aftermath of the Battle of Franklin almost overwhelmed the population of fewer than 1,000 as the residents adapted many of the buildings in town to care for about 4,000 Union and Confederate wounded. Private residences, such as Carnton, became field hospitals even before the battle ended. Soon, scores of other dwellings, as well as businesses, stables, barns, and churches, took in thousands of broken bodies.
St. Paul's Church, which already had been used as a Union
U.S. Christian Commission agents arrived soon after the battle and helped the residents care for the wounded. As late as March 1865, forty-four buildings in and around town still served as hospitals, and patients remained here until mid-1865. One of the last to die was Confederate surgeon Fielding Sloan, on June 19, 1865. Union Col. Robert Bradshaw, wounded seven times, was among the last to leave in July 1865. "The men... had all been lying there during the two weeks [since the battle] ... on the bare floor. ... A sickening, poisonous atmosphere ... seemed to suffocate me. ... I hurried out without getting a chance to speak to anyone. ... The stench arising from the putrefying wounds was really unbearable." -W.A. Keesy, 64th Ohio Infantry, at a Franklin hospital.
Erected by Tennessee Civil
Topics and series. This memorial is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is March 1865.
Location. 35° 55.419′ N, 86° 52.314′ W. Marker is in Franklin, Tennessee, in Williamson County. Memorial is at the intersection of West Main Street (State Highway 246) and Columbia Avenue (U.S. 31), on the left when traveling west on West Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Franklin TN 37064, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Chickasaw Treaty Council (here, next to this marker); Andrew Jackson (a few steps from this marker); Williamson County (a few steps from this marker); St. Paul's Episcopal Church (within shouting distance of this marker); Presbyterian Church (within shouting distance of this marker); 432-438 Main Street (within shouting distance of this marker); Franklin Special School District (within shouting distance of this marker); 430 Main Street (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Franklin.
Credits. This page was last revised on March 14, 2022. It was originally submitted on December 10, 2012, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. This page has been viewed 748 times since then and 44 times this year. Last updated on March 13, 2022, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on March 13, 2022, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 10, 2012, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.