Hanover in York County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Hanover
Hanover's Healing Touch
— Gettysburg Campaign —
After a stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia through Pennsylvania, marching east to threaten Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C. The Army of the Potomac marched north from the nation's capital, searching for Lee. On July 1—3, the armies collided at Gettysburg, in one of the pivotal battles of the Civil War. Three days later, after a bloody defeat, Confederates began retreating to Virginia.
By sunset on June 30, 1863, the Battle of Hanover had ended. The stench of death rose in the steamy air from the corpses and horse carcasses strewn about the streets. Local physicians and Good Samaritans cared for sixty or more wounded soldiers in Center Square at the Concert Hall and later at Marion Hall, northeast of the square off present-day York Street.
When it opened a few days later as a makeshift hospital, the Pleasant Hill Hotel admitted forty-two patients who were still recovering. The hotel, which served as a private academy, stood on the grass to your left. After the Battle of Gettysburg,
Dr. Perin Gardner, 1st West Virginia Cavalry, the surgeon in charge of the hospital, reported on its condition: "Every desired comfort is furnished in great abundance, and every luxury, with which this country abounds in great profusion, is supplied by the sympathetic people, and administered to the suffering wounded by devoted women. A heartier response to the calls of humanity never came from a more generous people than we have witnessed here."
Women nursing the wounded, Harper's Weekly, Sept. 6, 1862
Pleasant Hill Hotel, ca. 1850 Courtesy Hanover Area Historical Society
Erected by Pennsylvania Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Science & Medicine • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Pennsylvania Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is June 30, 1863.
Location. 39° 47.781′ N, 76° 58.736′ W. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 305 Baltimore St, Hanover PA 17331, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Warehime-Myers Mansion (a few steps from this marker); Pleasant Hill Hotel Becomes Hospital (a few steps from this marker); Women Tending to Wounded (within shouting distance of this marker); Welcome to the Hanover Area Historical Society (within shouting distance of this marker); McAllister Tavern (approx. 0.2 miles away); Trinity United Church of Christ (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Aftermath & Stench of Death (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Hanover (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hanover.
Also see . . . Warehime-Myers Mansion. Hanover Area Historical Society (Submitted on May 5, 2022.)
Credits. This page was last revised on July 9, 2022. It was originally submitted on February 1, 2022, by Mike McKeown of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 418 times since then and 249 times this year. Last updated on July 8, 2022, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos: 1. submitted on May 8, 2022, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. 2. submitted on February 1, 2022, by Mike McKeown of Baltimore, Maryland. 3. submitted on March 13, 2022, by Jordan Butler of New Windsor, Maryland, USA. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.