Norman in Montgomery County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)
Archeological Analysis of Norman Caddo Indian Burial Ground
Site Map of Norman Indian Burial Ground
prepared by Mary Beth Trubitt Arkansas Archeological Survey Henderson Research Station
Caddo Indian burials were exposed accidentally during construction at this site in October, 1988. Subsequent archeological excavations by Ann Early identified 2 burials, a small cluster of residential features, and artifacts dating from the Archaic, Woodland Fourche Maline, and Mississippian Caddoan periods. After these studies, the remains were re-buried by the Caddo Nation and the site covered for protection.
This site is located on the low terrace next to the confluence of Huddleston Creek and the Caddo River. The archeological excavations in 1988 were limited to a small 80x100 foot area where the burials and other features were uncovered. While artifacts diagnostic of Archaic and Fourche Maline periods were found at the site, the main use of this site was in the Caddo period. Two Caddo period site occupations between -A.D. 1250-1500 are inferred based on the materials associated with the discovered features: 1. An earlier residential use of the site that left the remains of a large circular house with hearth and burned floor, and 2. A later use of the site as a cemetery.
Excavations recovered the remains of
Although the graves were disturbed by construction equipment, it was determined that the young woman had been buried with two small incised ceramic jars, a large chert biface, and eight novaculite arrowpoints. These burials probably date to about A.D. 1500.
Near the two burials, archeologists uncovered evidence of additional features that were mapped but not excavated. Four possible graves were outlined. Soil stains left from wooden posts formed part of a circular structure -50 feet in diameter. A burned area identified as a hearth was associated with the circular building, and a large area of ash and charcoal was tentatively identified as part of a house floor. A charcoal sample from this deposit was radiocarbon dated to A.D. 1260-1290. The few artifacts found with these residential features indicate another occupation at A.D. 1250-1350, earlier than the burials.
1. Rose, Jerome C. and James E. Barnes (1989) "Biarcheological Analysis, Norman Sewer Site, 3MN386" Unpublished Report, Department of Anthropology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. 2. Early, Ana M. (1988) Draft Data Recovery Plan for 3MN386. Unpublished Draft Report, Arkansas Archeological Survey, Henderson Research Station, Arkadelphia. 3. Early, Ann M. (1988) Standridge: Codifoan Settlement in a Mountain Environment. Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Series number 29, Fayetteville. 4. Early Ann M., Editor (2000) Forest Farmsteads: A Millennium of Human Occupation of Winding Stair in the Oudchita Mountains. Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Series number 57, Fayetteville.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & Archaeology • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1250.
Location. 34° 27.093′ N, 93° 40.688′ W. Marker is in Norman, Arkansas, in Montgomery County. Marker is on East Main Street south of Polk Creek Road, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Norman AR 71960, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Narrows on Caddo River (approx. 4.8 miles away); The Town of Caddo Gap (approx. 4.8 miles away); De Soto at Caddo Gap (approx. 4.8 miles away); The Caddo People (approx. 4.8 miles away); Montgomery County (approx. 7.8 miles away); Montgomery County in the Civil War (approx. 7.8 miles away); Montgomery County Civil War Memorial (approx. 7.8 miles away).
Also see . . . Vising the Caddo Indian Memorial site in Norman. Discover Arkansas website entry (Submitted on July 14, 2022.)
Credits. This page was last revised on July 15, 2022. It was originally submitted on July 12, 2022, by Jason Armstrong of Talihina, Oklahoma. This page has been viewed 127 times since then and 68 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 12, 2022, by Jason Armstrong of Talihina, Oklahoma. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.