Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Rockville in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Witness to History

Montgomery County Courthouse

 
 
Witness to History Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), July 23, 2022
1. Witness to History Marker
Inscription.  
The Montgomery County Courthouse that stood here from 1840 to 1891 witnessed the turbulent antebellum and Civil War years in Rockville. It was the setting for legal transactions involving both the selling and emancipation of enslaved individuals. Charles Price, a slave trader who co-owned the prominent Price, Birch & Co slave-trading company in Alexandria, Virginia, held property nearby and placed newspaper advertisements to purchase enslaved Montgomery County residents. Fugitives and those charged with the crime of abetting freedom-seekers were tried here. Abolitionist and Underground Railroad operative William Chaplin appeared at a hearing here in 1850 after he was arrested in Silver Spring aiding two fugitives escaping Washington. He was charged in both Washington, D.C. and Montgomery County for his crimes. Facing condemnation from the pro-slavery Rockville community, he fled the state while on bail.

During the Civil War, Union and Confederate troops passed through Rockville. Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart interned prisoners at the courthouse in 1863. The building also served as a hospital for soldiers wounded in engagements
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
Click or scan to see
this page online
in 1864. Rockville's white residents' loyalties were divided, but they all experienced unrest as soldiers from both sides disrupted daily life and demanded or stole supplies, livestock, and horses.

Maryland abandoned slavery by state referendum on November 1, 1864. Rockville was the headquarters of the Montgomery County office of the Freedman's Bureau that opened in September 1865. Headed by a Union veteran, the Freedman's Bureau worked to enforce rights to wages, employment, and property ownership, and assisted Black citizens in their continuing efforts to organize schools for their children.

[Captions:]
Ads like this supported a robust domestic slave trade from Maryland to the Deep South.

This courthouse was located here during the Civil War. The present red brick courthouse replaced it in 1891.

 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansGovernment & PoliticsIndustry & CommerceWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is September 1865.
 
Location. 39° 5.024′ N, 77° 9.066′ W. Marker is in Rockville
Maryland Civil War Trails Markers image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), July 23, 2022
2. Maryland Civil War Trails Markers
, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker is on Maryland Avenue south of East Montgomery Avenue, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 99 E Montgomery Ave, Rockville MD 20850, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Gettysburg Campaign (here, next to this marker); Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock and His Men (a few steps from this marker); 1891 Red Brick Courthouse (within shouting distance of this marker); Bicentennial of Maryland's Ratification of the Constitution (within shouting distance of this marker); Rockville (within shouting distance of this marker); Montgomery County Court House (within shouting distance of this marker); Red Brick Courthouse (within shouting distance of this marker); Gibbs v. Broome, et al. / 1931 Courthouse (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Rockville.
 
Additional keywords. slave trade; human trafficking; emancipation
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 23, 2022. It was originally submitted on July 23, 2022, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 459 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 23, 2022, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

Share this page.  
Share on Tumblr
m=202643

CeraNet Cloud Computing sponsors the Historical Marker Database.
This website earns income from purchases you make after using our links to Amazon.com. We appreciate your support.
Paid Advertisement
Apr. 21, 2024