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Galena in Jo Daviess County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Galena, Illinois

 
 
Galena, Illinois Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Rev. Ronald Irick, July 15, 2022
1. Galena, Illinois Marker
Inscription.  
Prior to 1820, Indians and occasional white traders occupied LaPointe, the name given to the present site of Galena. The settlement grew rapidly in 1823 and 1824 as each boat deposited new arrivals on the banks of the Fever (now Galena) River. The town was laid out in 1826, and the name changed to Galena (Latin for sulphide of lead). Terror reigned in the region during the Black Hawk War in 1832, but the suppression of the Indians cleared the way for unrestricted white settlement.

As supply center for the mines and shipping point for the growing river commerce, Galena became a thriving city when Chicago was still a swamp village. Galena's zenith arrived in the 1840's, and residents lavished money on elaborate houses, many of which still stand today. By the 1850's the surface lead deposits were depleted; the Galena River, once over 300 feet wide, began to gather silt; and the railroads started to take the river commerce.

Ulysses S. Grant arrived here in 1860 to work in his father's leather store. A year later this still obscure clerk marched off to the Civil War; in 1865, he returned in tiumph to a gift mansion donated
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by his Galena neighbors. Grant was so prominet that he overshadowed the town's eight other Civil War generals.

In 1869, after his election as President of the United States, Grant appointed his Galena friends John A. Rawlins, Secretary of War; Elihu B. Washburne, Secretary of State; Ely S. Parker, Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
 
Erected 1964 by Illinois Department of Transportation and The Illinois State Historical Society.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & CommerceSettlements & SettlersWar, US CivilWars, US Indian. A significant historical year for this entry is 1826.
 
Location. 42° 24.61′ N, 90° 25.474′ W. Marker is in Galena, Illinois, in Jo Daviess County. Marker is at the intersection of Spring Street (U.S. 20) and 4th Street, on the right when traveling west on Spring Street. Located at the Grant Cabin site. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 313 E Spring St, Galena IL 61036, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Ulysses S. Grant Home (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Galena Public Library (approx. 0.4 miles away); The De Soto House (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Point Of Beginning (approx. 6.8 miles away in Wisconsin); a
Galena, Illinois Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Rev. Ronald Irick, July 15, 2022
2. Galena, Illinois Marker
different marker also named Galena, Illinois (approx. 9.4 miles away); St. Augustine Church (approx. 9.7 miles away in Wisconsin); George Wallace Jones (approx. 9.9 miles away in Wisconsin); Sinsinawa Mound (approx. 9.9 miles away in Wisconsin). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Galena.
 
Galena, Illinois Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Rev. Ronald Irick, July 15, 2022
3. Galena, Illinois Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 31, 2022. It was originally submitted on July 26, 2022, by Rev. Ronald Irick of West Liberty, Ohio. This page has been viewed 162 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 26, 2022, by Rev. Ronald Irick of West Liberty, Ohio. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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May. 27, 2024