Near Boonsboro in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Boonsboro
— Gettysburg Campaign —
Stuart, with five brigades advancing from the direction of Funkstown and Williamsport, first encountered Federal resistance at Beaver Creek Bridge, 4½ miles north of Boonsboro. By 11 a.m., the Confederate cavalry had pushed to these mud-soaked fields, where fighting on horseback was nearly impossible, forcing Stuart’s troopers and Gens. H. Judson Kilpatrick’s and John Buford’s Union cavalry divisions to dismount and slug it out like infantry.
By mid-afternoon, the Union left under Kilpatrick crumbled as the Federals ran low on ammunition under increasing Confederate pressure. Stuart’s advance ended about 7 p.m., however, when Union infantry arrived—the first to engage on a Maryland battlefield since Gettysburg. Stuart withdrew
“The Seven-Shooter Spencer”
Some Union cavalry used Spencer rifles with their seven-cartridge magazines, versus traditional single-shot muzzleloaders. The new weapon also proved deadly accurate. Capt. James Kidd, 6th Michigan Cavalry, later recalled a Confederate officer here waving his men forward from atop a stone fence: “A shot from a Spencer brought him headlong to the ground, and after that no one had the temerity to expose himself in that way.”
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is July 8, 1691.
Location. 39° 31.585′ N, 77° 39.832′ W. Marker is near Boonsboro, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is on Old National Road (Alternate U.S. 40), on the right when traveling south. Located in the parking lot of an antique market, just off the highway. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Boonsboro MD 21713, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Gettysburg Campaign (approx. 0.3 miles away); Stonewall Jackson's Way (approx. half a mile away); Vietnam Memorial (approx. half World Wars I & II Memorial (approx. half a mile away); Korean War Memorial (approx. half a mile away); Town of Boonsboro (approx. 0.9 miles away); Washington Monument (approx. 0.9 miles away); Boonsboro (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Boonsboro.
More about this marker. The marker displays a drawing of the battle with the caption, “C.E.H. Bonwill’s sketch of Kilpatrick repulsing J.E.B. Stuart at Boonsboro.” The side bar features a drawing of the Spencer rifle. A map details the tactical action during the battle.
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Boonsboro Summary. (Submitted on July 11, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Essay on Gen. Buford's Cavalry Division in the Pursuit from Gettysburg. (Submitted on July 11, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Additional keywords. Gettysburg Campaign
Credits. This page was last revised on August 3, 2022. It was originally submitted on July 11, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 4,936 times since then and 202 times this year. Last updated on August 2, 2022, by Carl Gordon Moore Jr. of North East, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 11, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 5. submitted on August 23, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.