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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Grand Marais in Cook County, Minnesota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

The Grand Marais Harbor

 
 
The Grand Marais Harbor Marker image. Click for full size.
July 25, 2022
1. The Grand Marais Harbor Marker
Inscription.  Lake Superior Indians recognized the unique nature of this bay long ago, naming it "Kitchi-Bitobig", meaning "double body of water." When white man first settled around this bay, in 1854, a few Indian families lived in tepees and cabins around the shore. White population increased rapidly after the 1870s, and dependence on ship transportation became more critical; storms and shipwrecks led to demands for a lighthouse, which was finally built in 1885, the first on the American North Shore. As added protection for this harbor of refuge, the east breakwater had been built a year earlier; the harbor became even more protected from violent seas in 1901, when the Corps of Engineers completed the west breakwater and continued the 16-foot dredging project. During three generations, this bay was a busy hub of economic and social activity; commercial fishing, shipping and rafting of sawlogs and pulpwood, dredging gravel, picnics and bonfires on the Point, 4th of July celebrations, skating and swimming, sailboat races, the arrivals and departures of the steamships "Dixon" and "America" and many other vessels. Until the new highway along the North Shore
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was built in the 1920s, this magnificent harbor was the focus of life in Grand Marais.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansSettlements & SettlersWaterways & Vessels. A significant historical year for this entry is 1854.
 
Location. 47° 44.955′ N, 90° 20.261′ W. Marker is in Grand Marais, Minnesota, in Cook County. Marker is at the intersection of North Shore Scenic Drive (State Highway 61) and Wisconsin Street, on the right when traveling east on North Shore Scenic Drive. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Grand Marais MN 55604, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Geology of Minnesota (here, next to this marker); Pulpwood Rafting (approx. ¼ mile away); Bally Blacksmith Shop (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named Grand Marais Harbor (approx. ¼ mile away); The Point Interpretive Site (approx. 0.3 miles away); Natural History of the Point (approx. 0.3 miles away); St. Francis Xavier Church (approx. 1.4 miles away); Chippewa City (approx. 1.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Grand Marais.
 
The Grand Marais Harbor Marker <i>(left)</i>, from the north image. Click for full size.
July 25, 2022
2. The Grand Marais Harbor Marker (left), from the north
Panoramic Photo of Grand Marais Harbor from the north image. Click for full size.
July 25, 2022
3. Panoramic Photo of Grand Marais Harbor from the north
Panoramic Photo of Grand Marais Harbor from the south image. Click for full size.
July 25, 2022
4. Panoramic Photo of Grand Marais Harbor from the south
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 4, 2022. It was originally submitted on August 3, 2022. This page has been viewed 191 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 3, 2022.

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Apr. 15, 2024