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Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Southern Sharpshooters

Tormenting the Attackers

— The Third Battle of Winchester (September 19, 1864) —

 
 
Southern Sharpshooters Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, July 23, 2022
1. Southern Sharpshooters Marker
Inscription.  Time: Late Morning
As Confederate Maj. James Breathed's cannon, positioned on the high ground some 200 yards your right, opened fire with "telling effect" on the Federal advancing in the Middle Field on the opposite side of Red Bud Rum, dismounted southern cavalry under Col. William Payne advanced into the area to your right and opened fire on the Federals as well. At the same time, Confederate sharpshooters moved to the ground in front of you to protect the guns and fire into the flank of th Federals.

In the afternoon, the sharpshooters aided Confederate Gen. John Gordon in his fight against Union Gen. William Dwight's division on the south side of Red Bad Run. Battery D, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery anchored Dwight's right flank. Sharpshooters from either Gordon's division or Payne's brigade crept toward the guns under cover of the steep bank and opened fire at the gunners. The artillery responded with canister until they exhausted their supply, and then solid shot, but the Confederates did not pull back.

Eventually, Confederate Gen. Fitzhugh Lee withdrew Payne's brigade and the horse artillery to resist
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Union cavalry advancingup the Valley Pike, leaving only a small force of dismounted troopers behind to screen the Confederate left at Huntsberry Farm. When Union Gen. George Crook led Gen. Isaac Duval's division across this ground in mid-afternoon, the remaining southerners were easily pushed aside. As Fitz Lee later noted, "The withdrawal of troops [Payne's brigade] from the front of Crook's right allowed him to advance."
 
Erected by Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is September 19, 1864.
 
Location. 39° 12.16′ N, 78° 7.273′ W. Marker is in Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from Redbud Road (Virginia Route 661) 0.9 miles east of Martinsburg Pike (U.S. 11), on the right when traveling east. Located 0.7 miles south of the parking lot on the Third Battle of Winchester Trail north of Redbud Run. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 541 Redbud Rd, Winchester VA 22603, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Life In Bondage (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Huntsberry Farm (approx. 0.2 miles away); Trying To Silence The Guns (approx. 0.2 miles away); A Murderous Fire (approx. 0.2 miles away); “Shrapnel Rained On Us”
Southern Sharpshooters Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, July 23, 2022
2. Southern Sharpshooters Marker
(approx. 0.2 miles away); Ten Thousand Devils (approx. 0.2 miles away); Duval's Attack (approx. ¼ mile away); Ohio (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
Also see . . .  The Third Battle of Winchester. Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation (Submitted on August 19, 2022.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 19, 2022. It was originally submitted on August 18, 2022, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 92 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 18, 2022, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Feb. 29, 2024