Heath in Licking County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Great Circle Earthworks
The Great Circle Earthworks one remnant of the largest complex of geometric earthen enclosures ever built. The Newark Earthworks, situated on a high terrace between the South Fork of the Licking River and Raccoon Creek, once covered more than four square miles. At present, only the Great Circle, the octagon and circle combination, and a small portion of the square are preserved on public land.
The Newark Earthworks were built about 2000 years ago by the people we now call the Hopewell. Giant geometric enclosures such as the Great Circle were centers for social, religious, and possibly economic interaction.
Located in the center of the Great Circle is a series of small conjoined mounds, collectively referred to as Eagle Mound, which covers the remains of a large Hopewell house. It was not a dwelling, but rather an important social or religious gathering place.
Excavations through the wall of the Great Circle indicate that it was built in three stages and that different colored soils were used in each stage. Originally, there was also a low outer wall which surrounded the Great Circle. Two segments
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & Archaeology • Native Americans. A significant historical year for this entry is 2000.
Location. 40° 2.563′ N, 82° 25.863′ W. Marker is in Heath, Ohio, in Licking County. Marker is on South 21st Street south of Cooper Avenue, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 455 S 21st St, Newark OH 43055, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Earthen Architecture (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Great Circle Earthworks (about 700 feet away); Pathway to Ancestors (about 700 feet away); The Newark Earthworks (approx. 0.2 miles away); Was this a fort? (approx. 0.2 miles away); Pathway to Preservation (approx. 0.2 miles away); Monumental Works of Earth (approx. 0.2 miles away); An Eagle at the Center (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Heath.
Credits. This page was last revised on September 19, 2022. It was originally submitted on September 12, 2022, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 64 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on September 12, 2022, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.