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Winchester in Franklin County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Tullahoma Campaign

June 24-July 4, 1863

— Anatomy of a Campaign —

 
 
Tullahoma Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, April 24, 2014
1. Tullahoma Campaign Marker
Inscription.  In late June of 1863, Union Major General William S. Rosecrans launched a massive offensive from his base in Murfreesboro in an attempt to drive Confederate General Braxton Bragg’s 43,000-man Army of Tennessee from its entrenchments at Shelbyville and Wartrace, and possibly out of the state. The Union commander planned to capture Chattanooga and, in his words, “rescue loyal East Tennessee from the hands of the rebels.” The campaign was bold and swift, with relatively few engagements. By July 4th, the Union’s Army of the Cumberland, 70,000 strong, had forced a Confederate retreat to Chattanooga, leaving nearly all of Tennessee in Union hands.

Advance to Manchester
To maneuver Bragg out of the Shelbyville trenches, Rosecrans divided his army into four independent columns.

The first column advanced south from Murfreesboro, down what is today US 231, to threaten the main Confederate infantry at Shelbyville. The second moved south, through Liberty Gap. The third column marched southeast, down the Manchester Pike (US 41), the main road to Chattanooga. A fourth column advanced due east along the McMinnville
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Turnpike (US 70) before turning south to cross the Highland Rim below Bradyville, at Gillie’s Gap.

By June 28th, the bulk of Rosecrans’ army was in Manchester. The Union also held Shelbyville and Bragg’s entrenched lines. Rosecrans then began his push on to Tullahoma. Only rain and the poor conditions of the roads slowed the Union advance.

Bragg crossed the Elk River at Allisonia on June 30 and began a general retreat, establishing a brief headquarters at Dechard before moving up the Cumberland Plateau with Joe Wheeler’s cavalry covering the rear. Bragg bypasses Winchester in an attempt to escape Rosecrans’ constant pressure. Rosecrans will make Winchester his headquarters on July 4th.

(captions)
(upper right) Confederate General Braxton Bragg; Union Major General William S. Rosecrans
(lower left) Confederate Major General Joseph Wheeler

(Timeline)
1860 Lincoln Elected Nov 6 • South Carolina Secedes December 20

1861 Fort Sumter Attacked April 12 • First Manassas July 21

1862 Shiloh April 1-7 • Second Manassas August 29-30 • Antietam September 11 • Fredericksburg December 13 • Stones River December 31-January 3

1863 Chancellorsville May 1-4 • Vicksburg May 20-July 4 • Tullahoma Campaign June 24-July 4 • Gettysburg July 1-3 • Chickamauga September
Tullahoma Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, April 24, 2014
2. Tullahoma Campaign Marker
19-20 • Chattanooga November 23-25

1864 Cold Harbor June 3 • Atlanta September 2 • Franklin November 30 • Nashville December 15-16

1865 Petersburg April 2 • Lee Surrenders April 9 • Johnston Surrenders April 16 • Forrest Surrenders May 9
 
Erected by Tennessee's Backroads Heritage.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is April 12, 1925.
 
Location. Marker has been reported permanently removed. It was located near 35° 11.279′ N, 86° 6.57′ W. Marker was in Winchester, Tennessee, in Franklin County. Marker was at the intersection of Bluff Street and Dinah Shore Boulevard (Tennessee Route 50), on the right when traveling north on Bluff Street. The marker is attached to the wall of the Franklin County Old Jail Museum. Touch for map. Marker was at or near this postal address: 400 Dinah Shore Blvd, Winchester TN 37398, United States of America.

We have been informed that this sign or monument is no longer there and will not be replaced. This page is an archival view of what was.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Bridge Construction / Franklin County Old Jail Museum (within shouting distance of this marker); Bates Foods / Franklin County Library
Tullahoma Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, April 24, 2014
3. Tullahoma Campaign Marker
(about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Built 1912 (about 800 feet away); Oldham Theatre / Masonic Lodge #158 (about 800 feet away); Built 1896 (about 800 feet away); Built 1916 (about 800 feet away); Built 1890 (about 800 feet away); Built 1889 (about 800 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
Also see . . .  Tennessee's Backroads. (Submitted on July 12, 2014.)
 
Tullahoma Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, April 24, 2014
4. Tullahoma Campaign Marker
Tullahoma Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Darren Jefferson Clay, September 25, 2022
5. Tullahoma Campaign Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 6, 2022. It was originally submitted on July 11, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 519 times since then and 2 times this year. Last updated on October 5, 2022, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 11, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland.   5. submitted on October 5, 2022, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.

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Mar. 1, 2024