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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Fort Collier

“I never saw such a sight”

 
 
Fort Collier Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, August 25, 2007
1. Fort Collier Marker
Inscription.  Confederate troops constructed Fort Collier in 1861 after the evacuation of Harpers Ferry. The earthworks, which surrounded the Benjamin Stine house here, commanded the approach to Winchester on the Martinsburg and Winchester Turnpike. The fort saw little action until late in the afternoon on September 19, 1864, when, during the Third Battle of Winchester, it became a focal point of the engagement. Here a great Union cavalry charge led by Gen. Wesley Merritt turned the battle against Gen. Jubal A. Early’s outnumbered Confederates. The charge was earthshaking and memorable. A Confederate infantryman who survived the attack later wrote, “I never saw such a sight in my life as that of the tremendous force, the flying banners, sparkling bayonets and flashing sabers moving from the north and east upon the left flank and rear of our army.”

The Stine house was destroyed in the battle. The present day dwelling, still largely surrounded by the Confederate earthworks, was built in 1867.
 
Erected by Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil
Fort Collier Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones, November 6, 2020
2. Fort Collier Marker
The marker has significantly weathered.
Click or scan to see
this page online
. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is September 1743.
 
Location. 39° 12.095′ N, 78° 9.272′ W. Marker is near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker is at the intersection of Martinsburg Pike (U.S. 11) and Brooke Road (Route 1322), on the right when traveling north on Martinsburg Pike. At the west side entrance to Fort Collier Civil War Center. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 922 Martinsburg Pike, Winchester VA 22601, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Fort Collier (within shouting distance of this marker); George Washington in Winchester (within shouting distance of this marker); Lt. Collier’s Earthworks (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Fort Collier (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 2nd Battle of Winchester / 3rd Battle of Winchester (about 400 feet away); 2nd Battle of Winchester (about 400 feet away); 3rd Battle of Winchester (about 400 feet away); The Cavalry Charge at Fort Collier (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
More about this marker. The center of the marker shows, “Thulstrup’s dramatic canvas depicted the decisive blow of the Third Battle of Winchester, September 19, 1864. The cavalry charge struck Fort Collier late that afternoon and unhinged the Confederate line of defense that extended from here, south to the Berryville Turnpike.”

A portrait of Gen. Merritt is captioned, “Gen. Wesley Merritt (1834–1910) commanded the 1st Cavalry Division, Army of the Shenandoah.”

A second portrait is of “Milton W. Humphreys (1844–1928), Confederate artilleryman at Fort Collier and later Professor of Ancient Languages at the University of Virginia.”

A map details the tactical situation at the later stages of the battle.
 
Regarding Fort Collier. Four additional interpretive markers at the Fort Collier site detail the history and layout of the fort.
 
Related markers.
Fort Collier Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones, November 6, 2020
3. Fort Collier Marker
Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .
1. Fort Collier Civil War Center. (Submitted on September 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Opequon or Third Winchester. Battle Summary from the National Park Service. The action at Fort Collier is covered under phase 9 of the battle. (Submitted on September 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Fort Collier West Side Entrance image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, August 25, 2007
4. Fort Collier West Side Entrance
The rise just behind the marker are the remains of the fortification. The reconstructed Stine house stands beyond the fortifications.
The Interior of Fort Collier image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, August 25, 2007
5. The Interior of Fort Collier
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 7, 2020. It was originally submitted on September 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,792 times since then and 52 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on September 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2, 3. submitted on November 7, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.   4, 5. submitted on September 13, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.

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Jul. 3, 2022