Winchester, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
1st Battle of Winchester
General Stonewall Jackson with 16,000 Confederates defeated General N.P. Banks and 6,000 Federals. On May 24, at Middletown, 12 miles South, Jackson attacked Banks’ army withdrawing toward Winchester, cutting off the rear guard and capturing or destroying a large number of wagons. Jackson launched his attack on Winchester at 5 a.m. May 25. Contesting this thrust was Colonel George Gordon’s 3rd Brigade. General Dick Taylor’s Louisiana Brigade, reinforced by the 10th and 23rd Virginia, succeeded in flanking Gordon on the west, while troops of Jackson’s division pressed Gordon’s center and left. General R.S. Ewell on the southeast approaches to Winchester saw his first attack repulsed. Calling up his reserves, Ewell moved against Colonel D. Donnelly’s Union Brigade. All Federal positions were taken by 8 a.m. and Banks’ army fled North through town. Confederate pursuit was hindered by lack of Cavalry.
Erected 1964 by Virginia Civil War Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is May 1814.
Location. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2147 Valley Avenue, Winchester VA 22601, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. First Battle of Winchester (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named First Battle of Winchester (approx. half a mile away); Welcome to a Special Place (approx. 0.9 miles away); a different marker also named First Battle of Winchester (approx. 1.1 miles away); The Second Battle of Kernstown (approx. 1.3 miles away); Second Battle of Winchester (approx. 1.3 miles away); The First Battle of Kernstown (approx. 1.3 miles away); The Hollingsworth Family Settlement (approx. 1.3 miles away); Kernstown Battlefield (approx. 1.3 miles away); Abram’s Delight (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
More about this marker. This is one of the Shenandoah Valley Circle Tour markers which mark the major battles of the Civil War occurring in the valley. A map depicting the maneuvers discussed on the marker stands to the left.
Also see . . . First Battle of Winchester. Battle Summary from the National Parks Service. (Submitted on September 19, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on September 19, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,898 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on September 19, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.