Beech Island in Aiken County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Savannah Town / Fort Moore
Erected 1985 by Andrews Masonic Lodge, Beech Island. (Marker Number 2-9.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial Era • Forts and Castles • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1685.
Location. 33° 26.359′ N, 81° 54.607′ W. Marker Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Beech Island SC 29842, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Silver Bluff Baptist Church (approx. 2.3 miles away); Beech Island Baptist Church (approx. 2˝ miles away); Signal Corps Aviation School (approx. 2˝ miles away in Georgia); Historic Church (approx. 3 miles away); Home of Governor Telfair (approx. 3 miles away in Georgia); Redcliffe Plantation (approx. 3 miles away); Downer Institute & School / Downer School, 1924–1986 (approx. 3.1 miles away); Georgia’s First School of Medicine (approx. 3.1 miles away in Georgia); De L Aigle Brick Yard (approx. 3.2 miles away in Georgia); De L Aigle Brick Yards (approx. 3.2 miles away in Georgia). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Beech Island.
Regarding Savannah Town / Fort Moore. National Register of Historic Places:
Fort Moore-Savano Town Site *** (added 1973 - Site - #73001670) •
Address Restricted, Beech Island
♦ Historic Significance: Event, Information Potential
♦ Area of Significance: Military, Historic - Aboriginal, Commerce
♦ Cultural Affiliation: Creek, Cherokee, Savano
♦ Period of Significance: 1650-1699, 1700-1749
♦ Owner: Private
♦ Historic Sub-function: Fortification
♦ Current Function: Landscape
♦ Current Sub-function: Underwater
Also see . . .
1. Savannah Town, South Carolina , Wikipedia entry. A thriving business developed around Indian traders ...Savannah Town gained a competitor with the 1735 founding of Augusta, five river miles upstream on the Georgia side of the river... (Submitted on March 2, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
2. Fort Moore-Savano Town Site. The site of Fort Moore-Savano Town was strategic in the relations between the government of the Colony of South Carolina and a number of powerful Indian groups located along and west of the Savannah River. (Submitted on January 9, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
3. Muscogee (Creek). The Muscogee (or Muskogee), also known as the Creek or Creeks, are a Native American people traditionally from the southeastern United States. (Submitted on January 9, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
4. Choctaw. The Choctaw (alternatively spelt as Chahta, Chactas, Chato, Tchakta, Chocktaw, and Chactaw) are a Native American people originally from the Southeastern United States (Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, and Louisiana). (Submitted on January 9, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
5. Chickasaw. (Submitted on January 9, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
6. Cherokee. The Cherokee (Cherokee: ᏣᎳᎩ, Tsalagi) are a Native American people historically settled in the Southeastern United States (principally Georgia, the Carolinas and East Tennessee). (Submitted on January 9, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
7. Yamasee War. The Yamasee War (also spelled Yemassee War) (1715–1717) was a conflict between British settlers of colonial South Carolina and various Native American Indian tribes, including the Yamasee, Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaws, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others. (Submitted on January 9, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
1. Fort Moore-Savano Town Site
Original Physical Appearance: Little is known of the original appearance of the Fort Moore-Savano Town other than the limited view provided by the archaeologist from the soil, supplemented by a few oblique documentary references to construction
A description of Fort Moore was written in 1763 by George Johnson, shortly before it was abandoned:
"...on a beautiful and commanding situation, is another fort, named Fortmore, about one hundred and fifty miles west from Charles-town; it is built of six-inch planks nailed to posts of light wood, with four towers or bations on the angels, on which are small cannon mounted; on the inside is a banquet, with loop holes in the couttines for small-arms; it had neither ditch nor glacis, but very good barracks for one hundred men."
The remains of this fort have not been as yet identified, but more extensive archaeological work in the undisturbed portions of the site may disclose them.
The site of Fort Moore-Savano Town was strategic in the relations between the government of the Colony of South Carolina and a number of powerful Indian groups located along and west of the Savannah River. Indian groups associated with Fort Moore-Savano Town include the Savano, Creek, Yuchi, Cherokee, and Chickasaw. The Savano Indians occupied the bluff prior to the arrival of the traders, and remained until shortly after 1716. The Chickasaw Indians were used by the government of South Carolina to settle at Savano Town during the first half of the 18th century to serve as a buffer group between the Creek nation and the English settlements. The Creek, Yuchi, and Cherokee are mentioned in connection with the skin trade but only ceramics attributed to the Creek were found during excavation.
The construction of Fort Moore at Savano Town, along with construction of the Congaree Fort near the present city of Columbia, South Carolina, was a step toward not only the control of Indian groups in the interior, but toward the attempted monopoly of the southern skin trade. Although the actual position of Fort Moore has not been pinpointed on the bluff top, the location and excavation of a contemporary trade house or factory has provided valuable information concerning not only the type and variety of goods traded but insight into the lifestyle of the traders. The architectural information acquired from this sire will provide comparative data for locating and interpreting other sites in the state, such as the Congaree Fort.
Fort Moore served as a military deterrent even though no battles took place. Its presence may have prevented intervention by French or Spanish controlled Indian groups. A single shard of Spanish Majolica, found in an Indian pit, indicates some contact with the Spanish. The settlement of Augusta on the west side of the Savannah River marked the end of Fort Moore as a controlling factor in the skin trade and the fort was abandoned by late 1763. (Source: National Register nomination form.)
— Submitted January 9, 2011, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
Credits. This page was last revised on October 13, 2020. It was originally submitted on March 2, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 2,896 times since then and 309 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on March 3, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.