Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

City Hall

Former Frederick County Courthouse

— Antietam Campaign 1862 —

 
 
City Hall Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Adam Margolis, January 17, 2022
1. City Hall Marker
Inscription.  
Connections with the Civil War abound around this Courthouse Square, where the first official act of defiance against the British crown - the 1765 Stamp Act Repudiation - occurred almost a century earlier. In 1857, Roger Brooke Taney, Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court and a former resident who is buried in Frederick, wrote in the Dread Scott Decision that the Constitution's freedoms did not extend to African-Americans, one of the steps on the road to war. Taney and his brother-in-law, Francis Scott Key, both practiced law here. A bust here honors the Chief Justice who administered the Oath of Office to seven presidents, including Abraham Lincoln in 1861.

Governor Thomas Hicks called a special session of the Maryland Legislature in 1861 to address the question of secession. Because of the large number of US troops in the capital city of Annapolis, the legislature met here at the site of the former Frederick County courthouse. Finding the space inadequate, the lawmakers convened a block away in Kemp Hall. Under orders from President Lincoln, legislators likely to favor the South were detained in route. With no quorum, Maryland's
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
Click or scan to see
this page online
legislature could not vote to secede. The courthouse burned during the session, and the legislature promptly authorized financing to construct the present building, now City Hall.

Both Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson and President Lincoln were visitors to this neighborhood in 1862.

The reconstructed home of Barbara Fritchie, poet John Greenleaf Whittier's Civil War heroine, is reached by traveling one block south on Court Street, then one block west on Patrick Street.
 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #16 Abraham Lincoln, and the Maryland Civil War Trails series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1765.
 
Location. 39° 24.958′ N, 77° 24.754′ W. Marker is in Frederick, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker is on Counsil Street, on the right when traveling east. Located on the north side of the Frederick City Hall. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Frederick MD 21701, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. No to the Stamp! (here, next to this marker); The Ross Home (a few steps from this marker); Ross House (a few steps from this marker); Birthplace of William Tyler Page
City Hall Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, September 9, 2007
2. City Hall Marker
(within shouting distance of this marker); Unanimous Resolution (within shouting distance of this marker); “South Magnetic” (within shouting distance of this marker); Frederick’s Poet Lawyer (within shouting distance of this marker); Ramsey House (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Frederick.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left is a drawing of Lincoln's Oath of Office administered by Chief Justice Taney. The upper center contains a drawing of The second Frederick County Courthouse, built in 1785, burned in May 1861. And a map of the City Hall and vicinity points out sites associated with the history of Frederick as related to the Civil War.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Nearby Civil War Related Points of Interest with HMDb entries
 
Also see . . .  All Saints Episcopal Church. Church website homepage (Submitted on October 7, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Additional keywords.
Marker on the North Side of the City Hall Courtyard image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, September 9, 2007
3. Marker on the North Side of the City Hall Courtyard
Antietam Campaign
 
City Hall Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Adam Margolis, January 17, 2022
4. City Hall Marker
The marker can be seen on the left.
Trinity Chapel image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, September 9, 2007
5. Trinity Chapel
One of the many spires which highlight the profile of Frederick.
The Second Frederick Court House image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Allen C. Browne, September 23, 2015
6. The Second Frederick Court House
built in 1785, burned May 1861.
Close-up of image on marker
Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney and Abraham Lincoln image. Click for full size.
Internet Archive
7. Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney and Abraham Lincoln
This reproduction of Henry Roben's oil painting of Taney swearing Lincoln in appeared on the cover of Valley's of History, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1966, accompanying Judge Delaplaine's article on Taney.

“Shown in the picture from left are William H. Seward, Secretary of State; John C. Breckinridge, retiring Vice President; Taney; Edward D. Baker, who introduced Lincoln to the inaugural crowd; William T. Carroll, clerk of the U. S. Supreme Court (holding the bible); James Buchanan, retiring President; Lincoln; Salmon P. Chase, Secretary of the Treasury; Stephen A. Douglas, one of Lincoln's opponents for the Presidency; and Horace Greeley.” — Valley's of History,
All Saints Episcopal Church image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, September 9, 2007
8. All Saints Episcopal Church
Confederate General William Pendleton, who served as an artillerist in the Army of Northern Virginia, was the rector here.
Frederick City Hall - Old County Court House image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, September 9, 2007
9. Frederick City Hall - Old County Court House
Flanking the fountain are busts of Chief Justice Roger B. Taney and Thomas Johnson, Maryland's First Governor.
City Hall Marker - 2018 image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Allen C. Browne, June 20, 2018
10. City Hall Marker - 2018
The marker has been re-worded to reflect the removal of the bust of Roger B. Taney from the City Hall lawn. The picture of Chief Justice Taney swearing in Abraham Lincoln has been replaced with Henry Ulke’s portrait of Taney. The drawing of the 1752 courthouse has been changed and its caption re-worded.
Roger B. Taney<br>by Henry Ulke<br>1881 image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Henry Ulke, 1881
11. Roger B. Taney
by Henry Ulke
1881
Close-up of Treasury Department portrait on marker
The 1752 Courthouse<br>by Isaac Bond image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Allen C. Browne, June 20, 2018
12. The 1752 Courthouse
by Isaac Bond
Close-up of image on marker
from Bond's 1858 map of Frederick County
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 17, 2022. It was originally submitted on October 7, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,402 times since then and 116 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on March 14, 2022, by Adam Margolis of Mission Viejo, California.   2, 3. submitted on October 7, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4. submitted on March 14, 2022, by Adam Margolis of Mission Viejo, California.   5. submitted on October 7, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   6, 7. submitted on June 22, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   8, 9. submitted on October 7, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   10, 11, 12. submitted on June 23, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.

Share this page.  
Share on Tumblr
m=2815

CeraNet Cloud Computing sponsors the Historical Marker Database.
This website earns income from purchases you make after using our links to Amazon.com. We appreciate your support.
Paid Advertisement
May. 21, 2024