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Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Montgomery’s Slave Markets / First Emancipation Observance - 1866

 
 
Montgomery’s Slave Markets / First Emancipation Observance - 1866 Marker Side A image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, August 1, 2009
1. Montgomery’s Slave Markets / First Emancipation Observance - 1866 Marker Side A
Inscription.  
Side A
The city’s slave market was at the Artesian Basin (Court Square). Slaves of all ages were auctioned, along with land and livestock, standing in line to be inspected. Public posters advertised sales and included gender, approximate age, first name (slaves did not have last names), skill, price, complexion and owner’s name. In the 1850s, able field hands brought $1,500; skilled artisans $3,000. In 1859, the city had seven auctioneers and four slave depots: one at Market Street (Dexter Avenue) and Lawrence, another at the corner of Perry and Monroe, and two on Market between Lawrence and McDonough.

Side B
Montgomery’s first observance of the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation was New Year’s Day at Wilson’s Grove on Mildred Street. A parade formed at Gilmer’s Warehouse, commerce Street. Invited were a brass band, the governor, legislators, aldermen, businessmen, benevolent societies, churches and fire engine companies. Peyton Finley, parade marshal, was the first black member of the State Board of Education. Speakers of the day included Holland Thompson, first black alderman and a state legislator,
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who advised “show by good conduct, industry, and fidelity, that the year 1866 was a year of jubilee, instead of insurrection.” He also told the crowd to acquire land, homes, and education for their children.
 
Erected 2001 by Alabama Historical Association / Montgomery Area Chamber of Commerce Historical Preservation and Promotion Foundation.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansCivil RightsIndustry & Commerce. In addition, it is included in the Alabama Historical Association series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1859.
 
Location. 32° 22.652′ N, 86° 18.59′ W. Marker is in Montgomery, Alabama, in Montgomery County. Marker is at the intersection of Montgomery Street and Commerce Street, on the right when traveling west on Montgomery Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Montgomery AL 36104, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Josiah Morris (within shouting distance of this marker); City of Montgomery / Court Square (within shouting distance of this marker); Court Square Fountain (within shouting distance of this marker); Decorative Lions Heads (within shouting distance of this marker); Here Stood Mrs. Rosa Parks
Montgomery’s Slave Markets / First Emancipation Observance - 1866 Marker Side B image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, August 1, 2009
2. Montgomery’s Slave Markets / First Emancipation Observance - 1866 Marker Side B
(within shouting distance of this marker); Montgomery Area Chamber of Commerce / The Forefront of Montgomery's Future (within shouting distance of this marker); Rosa Louise McCauley Parks / The Bus Stop (within shouting distance of this marker); Rosa Parks Statue (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Montgomery.
 
Additional keywords. slavery
 
Montgomery’s Slave Markets / First Emancipation Observance - 1866 Marker and Court Square Fountain image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, 01/2009
3. Montgomery’s Slave Markets / First Emancipation Observance - 1866 Marker and Court Square Fountain
Montgomery’s Slave Markets Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Lee Hattabaugh, October 1, 2010
4. Montgomery’s Slave Markets Marker
Looking southwest along Montgomery Street.
Court Square Viewed From the Corner of Montgomery Street and Commerce Street image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, August 1, 2009
5. Court Square Viewed From the Corner of Montgomery Street and Commerce Street
Court Square Fountain (Artesian Basin) and Commerce Street image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, August 1, 2009
6. Court Square Fountain (Artesian Basin) and Commerce Street
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 2, 2019. It was originally submitted on March 4, 2010, by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. This page has been viewed 4,288 times since then and 109 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on March 4, 2010, by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama.   4. submitted on October 6, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama.   5, 6. submitted on March 4, 2010, by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

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Apr. 18, 2024