Richmond, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Libby Prison CSA
Libby Prison C.S.A.
for Federal Prisoners of War
Confederate Memorial Literary Society
Erected 1911 by Confederate Memorial Literary Society.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and Castles • War, US Civil. A significant historical year for this entry is 1911.
Location. 37° 31.848′ N, 77° 25.605′ W. Marker is in Richmond, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of East Cary Street and South 20th Street, on the right when traveling east on East Cary Street. Marker is to the left of the gate in the James River flood wall that leads to extra parking for the Virginia Holocaust Museum and the outer wall of the flood wall. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2000 East Cary Street, Richmond VA 23223, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Libby Prison (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Libby Prison (within shouting distance of this marker); Early Quakers in Richmond (about 400 feet away, The Oldest House (about 500 feet away); City of Richmond Bicentennial (about 700 feet away); To Honor (about 800 feet away); Chesapeake & Ohio Railway (approx. 0.2 miles away); Franklin Street Burying Grounds (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
Regarding Libby Prison CSA. Libby Prison was a Confederate Prison for captured Union officers. The prison opened in 1861, in a three-story brick tobacco warehouse, alongside the James River in Richmond, Virginia.
Conditions were deplorable. Overcrowding and lack of sanitation caused the death of many prisoners between 1863 and 1864. Libby prison is considered the second worst prison operated during the Civil War, second only to Andersonville Prison in Georgia.
Prison Escape. There was one noteworthy escape from Libby Prison. February 9, 1864, 109 men escaped by way of a tunnel. 59 succeeded in reaching the Union lines and freedom. 48 were recaptured. Two drowned in the James River. The escape was one of the most famous prison breaks during the Civil War.
In 1880, the building was purchased by Southern
Also see . . . Libby Prison. A page from the Encyclopedia Virginia. (Submitted on May 1, 2010, by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A..)
Additional keywords. James River Wall, Confederacy, Prisoners of War,
Credits. This page was last revised on July 30, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 1, 2010, by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A.. This page has been viewed 2,708 times since then and 82 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on May 1, 2010, by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A.. 4. submitted on May 10, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.